What are the types of garment accessories?
Garment accessories include lining fillers, padding materials, sewing thread materials, fastening materials, decorative materials, zipper buttons, webbing shoulder pads, lace lining, lining, hanger tags, jewelry inserts, scratch powder, hook and loop fur, trademark strings, padding plastic accessories, metal accessories, packaging boxes and bags, printing labels, bar codes, and other related, etc.
Clothing is a project
Including design, production, the production process is divided into a variety of links, the most important link is the selection of materials, materials are divided into the fabric and other accessories. This other accessory we collectively called clothing accessories, is in addition to the fabric decorative clothing and expands the function of clothing essential components.
According to the different roles played by clothing accessories in the garment can be divided into:
Including design, production, the production process is divided into a variety of links, the most important link in the selection of materials, materials, and fabrics, and other accessories. This other accessory we collectively called clothing accessories, is in addition to the fabric decorative clothing and expands the function of clothing essential components.
According to the different roles played by clothing accessories in the garment can be divided into:
1, lining material (cotton fiber lining, silk fabric lining, viscose fiber lining, vinyl ester filament lining, synthetic fiber filament lining)
2, lining materials (cotton lining, linen lining, woolen mane lining, horsetail lining, resin lining, adhesive lining)
3, padding (chest pad, collar pad, shoulder pad, hip pad)
4, filler (wadding filler, material filler)
5, sewing thread (cotton sewing thread, silk sewing thread, polyester sewing thread, polyester-cotton blend sewing thread, embroidery thread, gold and silver thread, special sewing thread)
6, fastening materials (buttons, zippers, other fastening materials)
7, other materials (belt materials, decorative materials, labeling materials, packaging materials)
All these auxiliary materials, no matter with the inner quality of clothing, or external quality have an important impact. For example the lining, sewing thread mainly affects the internal quality of clothing, affecting the use of solidity, of course, also play a certain decorative role. And the lining material, lace, etc. is mainly used to decorate the garment. The composition of clothing, in addition to the fabric used for clothing on all materials, is called clothing accessories. The different roles played by accessories in the garment can be divided into lining materials, padding materials, fillers, sewing thread, fastening materials, decorative materials, logo materials, packaging materials, etc.
01 Garment Accessories Garment Lining
Garment lining is the innermost material of the garment, usually called lining, is used to partially or fully cover the garment fabric or lining material. The main varieties of lining are cotton fabric lining, silk fabric lining, viscose fiber lining, vinyl ester filament lining, synthetic fiber filament lining, etc.
1、Cotton fiber lining
The main varieties of cotton fabric lining are fine cloth, city cloth, striped cloth, fleece, etc., mostly used in cotton fabric fabrics for casual wear, jackets, children’s clothing, etc. Such lining material moisture absorption and warmth better, static electricity is small, comfortable to wear, moderate price, but not smooth enough.
2、Silk fabric lining
Silk fabric lining materials are power spinning, small spinning, taffeta, silk spinning, soft satin, etc., for silk clothing, summer thin wool clothing, high-grade tweed clothing and fur, leather clothing. This lining is smooth, textured, and beautiful, cool feeling good, static electricity is small, but not firm, shrinkage is larger, the price is higher.
3、Viscose fiber lining
Viscose fiber lining is mainly beautiful silk, which has a wide range of applications. Such as suits, suits, coats, skirts and pants, jackets and other medium and high-grade clothing can use beautiful silk as lining. The washing lining material is smooth, easy to put on and take off, moderate thickness, rich color, easy to heat set, garment effect is better, but its wet strength is low, the shrinkage rate is large, easy to crease, not washable.
4、Acetate filament lining
Acetate filament lining, there is called Yasha, with its good comfort and diversity of varieties to become the common lining of middle and high-end clothing, its feel, luster, texture and silk lining similar, shrinkage is small, there are thin, medium, thick and plain, twill, satin, jacquard and other specifications, suitable for different types of texture fabrics.
5, synthetic fiber filament lining
Synthetic fiber filament lining nylon silk is the general clothing commonly used lining material, light texture, flat and smooth, firm and wear-resistant, no shrinkage, no fading, cheap. But the moisture absorption is small, static electricity is large. Wearing a stuffy feeling, not enough drape, but also easy to absorb dust. It can be used for jackets, windbreakers, ski jackets, and other low-grade clothing.
02 Garment Accessories Garment Lining
Interlining is used in some parts of the garment, lining, perfect garment shaping, or auxiliary garment processing materials, such as collar lining, chest lining, waist headlining, etc. A wide variety of clothing interlining, according to the use of parts, interlining materials, lining the type of backing, interlining and fabric combination can be divided into several categories. The main varieties are, cotton interlining, linen, woolen mane interlining, horsetail interlining, resin interlining, bonded interlining, etc.
Common cotton interlining has two kinds of coarse cloth and fine cloth interlining, which are plain tissue, there are two kinds of original color and bleaching, belong to the low-grade interlining.
Hemp lining is a plain fabric made of hemp fiber, which has good stiffness and elasticity and is the lining for high-grade garments. Most of the linen lining on the market, in fact, is made of cotton rags dipped in the right amount of resin juice treatment, which is the mainlining of suits and coats.
That is the wool lining, also known as black charcoal lining, mostly dark gray and miscellaneous colors. Generally for yak hair, wool, human hair blended or interwoven plain tissue fabric. The washed lining is stiff and elastic, modeling performance is good, mostly used as the lining of high-grade clothing, such as thick fabrics of the suit, the barge lining, chest Jane, etc.
Horsetail lining is a plain fabric made of horsetail and wool interwoven, the surface is horsetail brown and white interlaced, the density is sparse. Horsetail lining is very elastic, not wrinkled, brace, wet and hot state can be extracted out of the design of the required shape, long as the chest lining of high-grade clothing.
Resin lining is a lining made of cotton or polyester-cotton fabric processed by resin impregnation, mostly after bleaching. This lining has high stiffness, good elasticity, small shrinkage, washing resistance, stable size, is not easy to deformation, and is mostly used as collar lining of Zhongshan suit and shirt.
6, Mucous paste
Also called hot melt interlining, it is made by applying hot melt adhesive to the base fabric. According to the type of base fabric, woven fusible interlining, knitted fusible interlining, non-woven interlining, etc.
03 Garment Accessories Padding
1、Chest pad 2、Collar pad 3、Shoulder pad Among them, shoulder pads can be subdivided into various kinds. For example, according to the molding method, it can be divided into the following three kinds:
The use of mold forming and molten glue bonding technology can produce a beautiful style, smooth surface, and moderate feel of shoulder pads, widely used in various types of clothing. For thin fabric fashion, advanced thermoplastic shoulder pads are an indispensable tool.
The product shape and surface finish is poor, and it is mostly used in thick fabric garments.
3, Cut-split type
Shoulder pads can be made by cutting specific raw materials (sponge) with cutting equipment. However, due to the inherent defects of foam shoulder pads (easily deformed, easily discolored, etc.), this type of shoulder pad has been largely eliminated from the market.
04 Garment Accessories Garment Fillers
1、Flocculent filler 2、Material filler
05 Garment Accessories Garment Sewing Thread
Polyester sewing thread is also called a high-strength thread, nylon sewing thread is called nylon thread, and we usually call it (pearl thread) polyester sewing thread is twisted into polyester long fiber or staple fiber, wear-resistant, low shrinkage rate, good chemical stability. However, the melting point is low, easy to melt at high speed, blocking the eye of the needle, easy to break the thread. A polyester thread is widely used in the sewing of cotton, chemical fiber, and blended textile garments because of its high strength, good abrasion resistance, low shrinkage, moisture absorption, and heat resistance, corrosion resistance, not easy to mold, and will not be insects. In addition, it also has the characteristics of complete color, good color fastness, no fading, no color change, sunlight resistance, etc.
06 garment accessories garment fastening material
1、Button 2、Zipper 3、Other fastening materials
07 Other garment accessories
1、Band materials 2、Decorative materials 3、Marking materials 4、Packaging materials
08 Clothing accessories process classification
1、Flat cloth label
Fabric labels such as cloth structure, simple a warp, and a weft up and down interwoven called a simple flat label. Generally speaking, the warp yarn is fixed, or black, or white, so there are black flat and white flat, light-colored background color labels, generally with white flat, dark-colored generally with a black flat. The pattern and color of the label are mainly expressed by the weft yarn, and the expressed color should be different for the effect of crossing with the warp yarn. Because of the limitation of the type of weft yarn used in general, the colors that can be expressed are also limited, generally within 8 kinds. From the above, the price is composed of: the width of the label, that is, the amount of warp yarn used; the length of the label, and the length of each color along the warp direction. In order to express the details and colors more richly, all the weft yarn are doubled, called double-sided label, if a sample color needs to be more three-dimensional, and then add a heavy yarn, called a heavy shuttle. Except for washing and sizing, most of the labels are flat and double-sided. Cloth label is the yarn to express the pattern, there must be differences with the original plane design, so no small sample to confirm the impossibility of making large goods.
2、Satin cloth label
Cloths, both warp, and weft are interwoven, and in addition to improving the quality by doubling the weft, there is the process of doubling the warp yarn, which is the satin structure. By doubling the warp yarn, the texture of the cloth label thus becomes soft and smooth. Because the warp yarn doubling is too dense, the weft yarn cannot express the pattern well and the bottom color cannot be made flexible. Only a certain color requirement can be revealed through the post-process. A machine set to do flat or satin is generally relatively more fixed. Cutting edge satin general width can not exceed, weaving edge of the general will not exceed.
09 Garment Accessories Types
I. Elastic band
It is what we often call an elephant root, and the width varies according to the need. Generally, there are two types of weaving: spindle weaving and woven weaving.
Weaving (shuttle weaving) is the interweaving of warp and weft. After twisting, the yarn is made into a tube (pan head) by the whole warp, and the weft is shaken into a twist to weave the tape on the loom. Because the width of the tape is small, the weaving method is different, ranging from single, double, dozens of strips, single layer, and double layer.
Weaving (spindle weaving) is the yarn through the winding tube, weft roll to form the weft tube, inserted in the fixed tooth seat of the weaving machine, weft tube along with the 8-way track rotary movement, in order to traction yarn cross each other weaving. Usually, the number of spindles is even, the woven tape is tubular, and the number of spindles is odd, the woven tape is a flat sheet.
The main raw materials are cotton yarn, viscose yarn, and rubber yarn. It can be used for underwear, clothing, gloves, etc.
2, the rubber band
It is a thread-like or tube-like item made of rubber, commonly known as a rubber band, used to adjust the elasticity. It is often used in cuffs, waist cuffs, etc.
3, rubber cord
It is also a rubber product, but it is finer. It is often interwoven with cotton yarn, viscose yarn, etc. to form an elastic band. It is mainly used for socks, cuffs, etc.
4, ribbed tape
Depending on the weaving method, it is a knitted product of ribbed tissue, woven from rubber thread with cotton thread, chemical fiber, and other raw materials. It is commonly used for trouser cuffs, collar cuffs, etc.
5, nylon silk pants belt
Generally, nylon filaments are used as warp and weft yarns, and cotton threads are used as core yarn to weave them. The varieties are jacquard nylon trouser belt, striped nylon trouser belt, and so on. It is strong, wearable, and beautiful.
6, vinyl pants belt
Vylon filament is the warp and weft yarn, and cotton thread is the core yarn woven. The pattern is the same as nylon, and there are varieties of jacquard and colored stripes.
7, waist card
Waistband card to adjust the elasticity. Mostly used in the waist of dresses, trench coats, and other clothing. The waist card has round, square, oval, etc., raw materials for plastic, nylon, but also plexiglass, etc. More convenient, the decorative role is better.
Under normal circumstances, the combination of lanyard and hangtag is a set, mostly distinguished by clothing style as casual wear, formal wear, children’s wear, suits, pants, jacket, etc. The lanyard hangtag can play a good brand highlighting, corporate culture publicity and product identification, washing instructions, etc. In a set of high-grade clothing, the lanyard hangtag with novel design and obvious theme can not only play a role in matching the decoration but also can play the role of the finishing touch in the clothing.
10 garment accessories composition
Raw materials (cotton, silk, down, etc.)
Thread (various sewing threads, embroidery threads, gold and silver threads, etc.)
Textile materials (a variety of textile fabrics)
Plastics (synthetic clothing materials, packaging bags)
Fur and leather
Chemical materials (buttons, chemical linings, composite materials)
Paper (packaging paper, proofing paper, wadding thread)
Wooden materials (wooden buckles, packing boxes, etc.)
Rubber (rubber bands, elastic bands, etc.)
Metal materials (hooks, chains, rings, hanging chains, etc.)
Other (beads, beaded pieces, etc.)