We are the leading one-stop OEM custom garment manufacturer in China.



Our company provides high-quality activewear lines and other types of clothing at lower prices. The strong ties we have with several suppliers allow us to procure materials directly and at discounted prices. This direct cooperation and partnership afford us to offer our products and services at the best rate. Thus, creating a more profitable and productive relationship between our clients and us.

Fashion Designers Working In Studio


You can provide us with the designs and specifications of your project. Whether it is for activewear collection or other clothing categories, our expert clothing manufacturers will immediately select the right fabric to create a sample. Once confirmed, we will give you a reasonable quote.


As a premier clothing manufacturer, we can produce large volumes of products immediately and at reasonable rates. These are the reasons big and small companies engage in our services and trust us to create their activewear and other clothing lines. We guarantee that with our strategic approach to time management, high productivity of our garment processing plants, and production capacities, we can fulfill every order on time.

Container Cargo Ship And Cargo Plane With Working Crane


Our standard departure port is the Port of Shanghai. As a reliable clothing manufacturer, we can arrange worldwide shipping. A FOB contract will be issued if you have a preferred freight agency, while a CIF agreement will be provided for shipping the merchandise to your assigned destination. We also offer fair transportation rates via land, sea, and air.

We Provide A Complete Portfolio of Services from:

large scale production
custom clearance
oeko tex

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Other Types of Garments We Have Processed

We went to the workshop after lunch.

Orders for garment processing come in droves, and since the fabric is the basis of garments, it must be prepared well in advance.

In the production of waterproof fabrics for waterproof jackets

Processing of cuffs

Recently, many factories in Southeast Asia asked us to provide design and pattern-making.

Rush production of down undershirts for US customers.

Fabrics are in place and a new garment order begins to be prepared for fabric cutting.

Orders for down jackets are coming online for production

The fabric warehouse at night..

This workshop, which specializes in sewing uniforms, is having its morning meeting.

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Learn more about garment manufacturing industry in China

❉Garment Manufacturing and Processing Methods

Fabric Factory

1. What are the ways of garment manufacturing and processing?

      Conventional garment manufacturing and processing is divided into light processing, packing materials processing, and full distribution processing.

  1. Light processing: The processing party provides exterior and secondary materials, and the two sides only talk about the processing fee. It is suitable for more mature operations of clothing enterprises or individuals, as well as suppliers of materials and accessories, and the corresponding procurement personnel, etc.
  2. Packing processing materials: The fabric is provided by the processing party. The accessories will also come from the processing party, including the processing method of processing fees. It is also suited for companies or individuals with mature fabric suppliers.
  3. Full distribution processing: In this, the fabric and auxiliary materials are the bases for the processing method in the processing plant. It is suitable for initial processing, small order companies, or individual wholesalers.

2. Types of garment manufacturing and processing

      In garment manufacturing and processing, fabric handling is categorized into woven fabric processing and knitting fabric processing. Woven fabrics involved shuttle weaving. It utilizes a loom with a shuttle. The yarn goes through the warp and weft of the interleaved structure, and its arrangement generally has a plain weave. Twill and satin weaves have three categories and their structure changes. Due to the modern shuttle-less loom applications, this kind of fabric does not use a shuttle weaving form. But the fabric still belongs to shuttle weaving. The raw materials may include cotton, silk, wool, linen, chemical fiber, blends, interwoven fabric, and others. Employing woven fabric in clothing is the primary choice in terms of both variety and production quantity. Owing to the differences in styles, techniques, and other considerations, there are many variations in the garment manufacturing and processing steps and technological means for using woven clothing.

      Knitted fabrics exhibit stretchability or elasticity, while some materials have poor tensile stability. Knitted fabrics have reasonable control and tensile strength. It allows garments to select lengths and placement according to needs. This is the fundamental reason why it is the choice for stretchable necklines, cuffs, suspenders, openings, and crotch areas. In production, they adapt themselves to the sewing materials’ tensile structure and elasticity. When collar placket pocket cuts are small, reinforcement by use of lining cloth is helpful. The strips prevent deformation and inconsistencies. The reason is that sometimes, single-sided weft plain combinations inconsistencies produced are more significant. In jacquard fabrics, the double-sided construction warp knitted fabrics, and there are little to no inconsistencies. It helps prevent shrinkage of the garment, especially in jerseys. garment manufacturing and processing production should consider various factors like permeability, moisture absorption, shear resistance, slip resistance, twisting, tangles, and pilling.

3. Stages of garment manufacturing and processing

      Garment manufacturing and processing goes through several stages. Here is a quick outline of the flow:

      Incoming inspection of materials and accessories → technical preparation → cutting → sewing → keyhole buttonhole making → pressing → inspection of garments → packaging → warehousing or shipping

      In garment manufacturing and processing, after the fabrics enter the factory, we should check the quantity, appearance, and characteristics. Only those that meet the production requirements will be utilized. Before large-scale production, there is a performance of technical procedures for preparation, including the arrangement of the process sheet, samples, and production of the sample. The sample can enter the next step in garment manufacturing and processing and production after the customer gives confirmation. Fabrics are turned into semi-finished products after trimming and sewing. Some of the woven materials will be processed following special industrial specifications after this step. These include clothing washing, sand-washing, wrinkle effect processing, and others. Auxiliary procedures will come after at the conclusion of the garment manufacturing and processing stages. Keyhole and nail buttoning and ironing are usually part of it. There will then be an inspection of the products, followed by packaging, and then sent to storage.


Purpose of fabric inspection

      The excellent condition of the fabric quality is an integral part of the quality control of finished products in garment manufacturing and processing. By inspecting and measuring the incoming fabrics, a high level of quality of the garments can be efficiently followed.

      Fabric inspection includes the checking of appearance and physical characteristics. The main test fabric is scrutinized for damage, stains, weaving flaws, color differences, and other issues. For sand-washed fabrics, there should be utmost care in checking on whether there are treatment defects, such as spots, creasing, and tears. The defects affecting the appearance should be marked appropriately during the inspection and not included in the materials for use in the garment manufacturing and processing stages.

    The properties of fabric mainly include shrinkage rate, colorfastness, and weight in terms of grams per meter. In the course of inspection and sampling, cut-out pieces of specimens of variations and colors from various manufacturers should be taken for testing to confirm that the data is accurate throughout the garment manufacturing and processing operation.

      Auxiliary materials brought into the garment manufacturing and processing factory should also be tested. Some of the main properties that should be checked are the shrinkage rate of the elastic tape, the bonding strength of the bonded liner, zipper movement smoothness, and others. The auxiliary materials that do not fulfill required standards will not be part of the production and garment manufacturing and processing.


Preliminary technical preparation

      Technical preparation prior to mass production must be performed appropriately. This stage of garment manufacturing and processing involves three components: the finalization of the process sheet, the readying of the sample, and the production of samples. Ensuring that large-scale production proceeds correctly and without any hitches is the main objective of technical preparation. As a result, the final product will comply with customer requirements and expectations.

       In garment manufacturing and processing, the process sheet is a controlling document that guides all the activities. It contains the specific technical descriptions and requirements of the product. It includes sewing requirements, ironing conditions, packaging, and other pertinent information. It also explains details like garment accessories arrangement, stitching density, and others. Every stage in garment manufacturing and processing should be executed in exact compliance with the conditions specified in the process sheet.

      Accurate sizing and complete specifications are vital in the sample-making stage in garment manufacturing and processing. The form and outline of the relevant parts have to match accurately. The sample should also have marks for the garment style number, part, specification, direction, and quality requirements pertaining to the silk grain. The sample composite seal should also be stamped on the appropriate stitching place.

      Production of small-batch samples will proceed after the process sheets and the sample works requirements have been accomplished. It will be performed following the specifications required by the customer. Timely processing of corrections for discrepancies and prompt solving of difficulties must be maintained so that the main flow of garment manufacturing and processing operations runs smoothly. Once the customer has confirmed and signed off on the sample, it is then considered as one of the essential bases for inspection and verification in the garment manufacturing and processing project.


Cutting technical requirements

      Before the cutting stage in garment manufacturing and processing, it is necessary to draw the discharging chart according to the sample. The fundamental principle followed in discharging is “Complete, reasonable, and economical.” The foremost technological requirements in the cutting process are the following:

      (1) When dragging material, determine the accurate figure, and be cautious to prevent errors.

      (2) In order to prevent color differences for the same garment, the varying batches of dyed or sand-washed fabrics require grouping. Color difference discharge causes color differences in fabrics to occur.

      (3) While discharging, closely guard whether the silk strands of the fabric are straight and the arrangement of the silk strands of the garment pieces meets the process requirements. The velvet fabrics (such as velvet, corduroy, etc.) should not discharge in the backward direction. Otherwise, it will affect the color depth of the clothing.

      (4) For fabrics with plaid designs, it is critical to carefully watch the position and alignment of the bands for every layer when dragging the material to guarantee the coherence and symmetry of the clothing.

      (5) Precise cutting must be followed, as well as maintaining straight and smooth lines. Ensure that the spread type is not too thick, and the layers on top and bottom of the fabric must not be biased.

      (6) Ensure that the cutting of the knife edge follows the set mark of the template.

      (7) There must be no effect on the appearance of the garment when using taper hole marking. The quantity should be determined and examined, and the clothes should be piled up and packed according to the specifications after cutting. The tag should be affixed to clearly show the style number, parts, specifications, etc.


Lock button nailing

      In garment manufacturing and processing, machines usually perform the task of making keyholes and buttonholes in clothing. Buttonholes are classified based on their shape: flat or eye-shaped holes. The latter are also called sleeping holes or pigeon holes.


Ironing and flattening

      There is a saying that it is “30% sewing and 70% ironing” in making garments. This phrase emphasizes the idea that ironing is a crucial stage in garment manufacturing and processing. The three primary functions of ironing are as follows:

      (1) Spraying and ironing will properly press out the wrinkles and creases on the cloth and flatten the folds and seams.

      (2) The clothing will be flat and have a clean appearance, as well as straight pleats and lines following heat setting treatment.

      (3) Through “return” and “pull” ironing techniques, changes to the length and density of the fiber caused by shrinkage are made accordingly. It is also for the adjustment of the direction of the fabric warp and weft arrangement to achieve to fashion the three-dimensional form of the clothing. This form is necessary to adapt to the requirements of human body shape and movements. In the end, the garment will look good and beautiful, as well as comfortable to wear.

      Temperature, humidity, pressure, and time are the four basic elements that affect the pressing of the fabric in garment manufacturing and processing. The temperature applied in ironing is the main factor that affects the fibers of the cloth in the garments. Mastering the application of appropriate temperature for ironing on various fabrics is the main challenge in finishing garments.  If the heat is too low or not enough, there will be no significant ironing effect. If the temperature used in ironing is too high or too much, there will be damage to the clothes.


Garment inspection

      The inspection of the clothing should be conducted throughout the cutting, sewing, keyhole nail-making, ironing, and other stages of garment manufacturing and processing. A complete evaluation of the finished products before packaging and warehousing is necessary to determine and guarantee quality.

      Finished-product inspections in garment manufacturing and processing focus on the following:

      (1) Whether the style matches the confirmed sample;

      (2) Whether the size and specifications comply with the required conditions and specifications on the process sheet and sample;

      (3) Whether the stitching is accurate, and the sewing is neat and flat;

      (4) Whether the clothing of the mesh fabric is appropriate.

      (5) Whether the thread of the fabric matches and if there are flaws or stains;

      (6) Whether there are issues on color differences in the same garment;

      (7) Whether the ironing is done correctly;

      (8) Whether there are problems with the hold of the adhesive lining, especially if there is any glue infiltration or leakage;

       (9) Whether there was appropriate mending of the thread ends;

      (10) Whether all the accessories are fully and properly sewn;

      (11) Whether all the actual contents of the goods have correct and consistent size marks, washing instructions, and trademarks, including the positioning;

      (12) Whether the comprehensive appearance of the clothing is in good condition, and;

      (13) Whether the packaging follows the specified conditions.


Finished product packaging

      In garments processing, there are two classifications for packaging: hanging and boxing. In boxing packing, it is generally divided into inner and outer packing. Inner packing refers to placing one or more garments in a plastic bag. Product style and size should be consistent with those specified on the bag. Packaging should be neat and pleasing. Sometimes special styles of clothing have some special treatment inside the packaging. For example, wrinkled-style garments may be wrapped in a particular way to maintain their style.

      Outer packing in garment manufacturing and processing, meanwhile, generally refers to packaging in cartons. The sizes and colors must comply with the customer requirements and process order. There are also specific color codes to be followed. When packing, the amount should be complete, and arrangement size and color and are accurate. Carton marks must be printed clearly on the outer boxes, indicating the essential shipping details such as customer, port of shipment, package number, quantity, place of origin, and so on. Naturally, the contents written must be in conformity with the actual goods.

The meaning of “trouser shape”

      In our garment manufacturing and processing industry, the trouser shape is also called the pattern. Simply put, it is basically the pattern followed for the clothes in garment manufacturing and processing.

      In a garment manufacturing and processing factory, the design requirements for trousers are relatively high. The requirements for details of trousers need to be precise in garment manufacturing and processing. If the size is one centimeter less than or smaller, the actual production results may be quite different.

      While the style of the pants directly determines the style of the sample, the general regular clothing version is the reference of the national standard data, and each garment manufacturing and processing factory has its own specific data on this basis.

❉How to Find Suitable Clothing Manufacturers in China for Your Business

Xinjiang Garment Factory 4

    Our team have many years of experience running a garment factory in China. And based on my observation, I noticed that novice clothing sellers and buyers lack an understanding of the garment factory. Hence, while in the transaction process, several communication difficulties are encountered. Having full knowledge of factories is necessary when running a clothing company. And as someone in the clothing manufacturing industry, the question now is how can the clothing manufacturers and the buyers both achieve a win-win situation?

The Outline

  1. Careful process in the initial stage of establishing a garment factory.
  2. Factors to consider when choosing reputable clothing manufacturers in China:
  • Factory size
  • Product class positioning 
  • The integrity of the boss
  • Managing staff and labor cost
  1. Details to consider when online shops or wholesale retailers look for custom clothing manufacturers to transact with:
  • Minimum quantity
  • Quality control orders
  • Payment schedule
  1. Impact of the epidemic on garment manufacturing industry.
  2. How to find suitable clothing manufacturers in China after the epidemic– A long-term partnership


Clothing is more than the beginning of the complex process of entrepreneurship.

      I started my business in the second half of 2012 when I was 26 years old. Before I started my business, I was a fashion merchandiser, and I felt like I was muddling through. So when I accumulated a certain amount of resources, I began to pursue having my own business. Plus, being poor drove me to start my own company. 

      Some friends asked when we have a job, should we think about doing something to maximize self-value? After all, someone else’s job is always someone else’s. My answer is yes. Clothing manufacturers have the idea that each people in the garment industry have their own dream brand!


Poverty is, in fact, sometimes a good thing.

      However, some people are too poor to have the courage to start a business. After all, starting a business also needs a lot of investment. Still, the desire to make money is a huge motivator.

      I already had the resources when I decided to start my own business. I didn’t just do it off the cuff. When I first ventured, the first step I chose was to build a factory. After all, I have a technical background. Thus, setting up a garment factory is relatively easy for me to undertake. Technology has a lot of benefits. But in factories, I find that technology and handicraft are sometimes bad for the boss: the boss will ignore the company’s strategic direction because the focus is on technology and restrict the factory’s development.


In the early days of my business, I encountered some challenges. I learned that factories are the most complex part of the clothing supply chain.

      At the beginning of my career, I endured a shortage of orders and employees. Sometimes the workers are full, but the orders are not; Sometimes, orders are packed, but the staff is not available, and both are affected. But I was lucky to have a few people at home to support me altogether.

      Initially, we will deal with brand companies. But when the payment schedule arrives, it becomes the biggest problem for the factory. It usually takes two to three months for brands to pay the custom clothing manufacturers. Once the supply chain of the factory does not turn over, it will be challenging to maintain the garment factory. During those times, after meeting a brand company and originally agreeing to two months after the delivery of the payment, the money is unexpectedly delayed for two years. Therefore, we had to rely on credit cards to survive and cover our daily expenses.

      In terms of orders, the advantage of my resources brings me some convenience. At that time, my former boss promised to give me orders, which gave me more opportunities than many entrepreneurs. I have also seen many bosses who have no orders and no employees. We explained to our new employees that we would have a guaranteed minimum salary and that the cash flow would last for three months, so I decided to consider the changes after that. At that moment, I planned to make no profit for one year. All the processing fees of orders would not be deducted at the early stage, and all would be paid to the employees.

      I have the resources on the order side, so I only need to stabilize the workers in three months to get the cash flow back, which I consider. My main task was to organize and support the staff. Sewing workers were in demand at that time, and there was a shortage of sewing workers. Almost all clothing manufacturing factories were short of skilled sewing workers. Most of those sewing workers prefer to go where the pay is higher—few plans to stay for a long-term while some hold on to the idea of leaving soon. So, staff maintenance and organization are essential.

      In the early stage of a business, we need to withstand all the tests we meet. If there is no certainty, faith, and support, it is indeed not easy to stick to it. In addition, we should particularly pay attention to the supply chain, which should not be broken, and the basic security of employees, which should always be present.

1. Factory Scale

      First of all, I don’t think you can judge a factory by its size. Large factories are relatively precise in all aspects of the management system and do better in quality control than small factories. However, the disadvantage of large factories is that people are overcrowded and the management cost is too high. It is also hard to adapt to the flexible production line of many varieties and small batches. This is also the reason why many companies now start to build small factories.

      When it comes to the size of the garment factories, they are not in the same league as before. In the 1990s, factories employed tens of thousands of people. Now it is not simple to find a garment factory with hundreds of people. Only dozens of people are the norm in many garment factories these days.

       And now there are fewer skilled workers in garment factories. One is because of personnel lapse. Those who remain are old employees. But older workers are rigid in their thinking, rarely think long term, and don’t want to learn new skills. The current workforce is mostly in their 40s and 50s. Not many people make clothes in their 30s, even fewer in their 20s.

       A friend of mine once pointed out that the increasing automation of factories and the decreasing demand for workers are other contributing factors. At the same time, large orders are becoming less and less. Large factories do not adapt to the current market for orders, while small factories are relatively easy to change varieties. As the saying goes, “a small ship is easy to turn around.” In addition, compared with large factories, the management costs of small factories can be relatively controlled better, so the scale of factories is now reduced.

       For clothing production automation, currently, custom clothing manufacturers in China can only do shirts and suits. Suits also involve a lot of craft that needs to be done by hand, as fashion is hard to automate. Especially for high-end customized clothing, the degree of automation is even lower. The more high-end the categories are the more demand for manual participation of clothing manufacturers. It is difficult for automated things to replace all the processes thoroughly.

      Therefore, to find the best custom clothing manufacturers in China, one must look according to the order size and consider the factory’s corresponding scale.

      If the order quantity is low, but you will opt for a large-scale garment factory, they will not take the order very seriously even if they agree to do the job. But if the order is relatively large and a small-scale factory is hired to do the order, the final delivery time will also be a big problem. Furthermore, we should not bargain with custom clothing manufacturers just because we think many processes are now automated. In fact, with the current technology, the degree of automation of clothing is not very high, and labor costs are still crucial.

      First of all, I don’t think you can judge a factory by its size. Large factories are relatively precise in all aspects of the management system and do better in quality control than small factories. However, the disadvantage of large factories is that people are overcrowded and the management cost is too high. It is also hard to adapt to the flexible production line of many varieties and small batches. This is also the reason why many companies now start to build small factories.

      When it comes to the size of the garment factories, they are not in the same league as before. In the 1990s, factories employed tens of thousands of people. Now it is not simple to find a garment factory with hundreds of people. Only dozens of people are the norm in many garment factories these days.

       And now there are fewer skilled workers in garment factories. One is because of personnel lapse. Those who remain are old employees. But older workers are rigid in their thinking, rarely think long term, and don’t want to learn new skills. The current workforce is mostly in their 40s and 50s. Not many people make clothes in their 30s, even fewer in their 20s.

       A friend of mine once pointed out that the increasing automation of factories and the decreasing demand for workers are other contributing factors. At the same time, large orders are becoming less and less. Large factories do not adapt to the current market for orders, while small factories are relatively easy to change varieties. As the saying goes, “a small ship is easy to turn around.” In addition, compared with large factories, the management costs of small factories can be relatively controlled better, so the scale of factories is now reduced.

       For clothing production automation, currently, custom clothing manufacturers in China can only do shirts and suits. Suits also involve a lot of craft that needs to be done by hand, as fashion is hard to automate. Especially for high-end customized clothing, the degree of automation is even lower. The more high-end the categories are the more demand for manual participation of clothing manufacturers. It is difficult for automated things to replace all the processes thoroughly.

      Therefore, to find the best custom clothing manufacturers in China, one must look according to the order size and consider the factory’s corresponding scale.

      If the order quantity is low, but you will opt for a large-scale garment factory, they will not take the order very seriously even if they agree to do the job. But if the order is relatively large and a small-scale factory is hired to do the order, the final delivery time will also be a big problem. Furthermore, we should not bargain with custom clothing manufacturers just because we think many processes are now automated. In fact, with the current technology, the degree of automation of clothing is not very high, and labor costs are still crucial.

2. Customer Orientation

      When looking for custom clothing manufacturers in China, it is best to discuss your purposes and inquire about the factory services. If these clothing manufacturers are mainly processing for big brands, they may not be interested in online orders. Even if they receive an order from the shop, the shop may not accept the payment if they follow the process of the brand order.

      Now for the shop to have a long-term relationship with clothing manufacturers, it needs to understand the needs of the network business. For example, when our garment factory has online customers, we only ask customers to send samples. Then, as custom clothing manufacturers, we do other things such as purchasing materials and accessories and cutting, sewing and finishing the whole package. In addition, we also help customers deliver goods on their behalf. We also do return and exchange and other after-sales assistance. So, our customers can concentrate on selling well.

      To help customers deliver this kind of work, regular factories may not have the personnel to do the job, but it is best to operate in this way if dealing with the shop. After all, the online shop order needs 100% after-sales service. And to have after-sales service, the brand company must have a skilled person who can do the job. As for the factory, to help develop the cost of delivery and cost-effective labor, it must be calculated with the customers’ quotation. Our garment factory has a particular position for this job.

       In general, clothing sellers must consider all things when looking for custom clothing manufacturers.

      First, it is best to ask the main cooperative service partners of the factory which products they serve. Then, understand their main product categories, the grade, and the primary style of the clothes they produce. From thereon, determine if they are the ideal clothing manufacturers that can accommodate your products.

3. The Credibility of the Boss

      The credibility of the boss is also a key indicator of how reliable a factory is. Clothing sellers may evaluate the credibility of the boss of a company. If they want to investigate the boss’s integrity, they can go to Baidu directly or even the company’s history to go over and check if they have any bad records. 

4. Staffing and Managing Labor Costs

      We can also determine whether a factory is good or bad by taking a look at its management. Staffing too much, or adopting a one-size-fits-all responsibility structure, may look and feel formal, but it also increases administrative costs.

      If the factory management costs are too high, the processing fee quoted will be higher than the peers. But if the factory is just cutting costs, key positions are not covered and cannot cooperate. Quality control positions, in particular, are being removed in many factories. Whether a garment factory can produce good quality products has a lot to do with the boss’s quality control awareness.

      Standard factories should follow three inspections level for quality control, such as before, during, and after. This is the most fundamental, but quality control does not provide direct benefits; hence, some factories will shrink. But if the boss only focuses on production capability and saves costs in quality control, he cannot cooperate.

      I mention this matter because we can say that 80% of the factories now lack the position of QC. After all, for clothing manufacturers, it must be the output that produces the benefit. But for cooperative businesses, quality is the most important, and these two matters need to be balanced. In terms of workmanship, the overall quality control of the current garment factory is in decline compared with previous factories.

      Not only quality control, but it also includes many management systems in the field, which are from the textile industry. From a tailor’s point of view, it is tough to do an excellent job without three or five years of experience. But how many people survive a three-year apprenticeship these days? So, I have analyzed the reasons for the decline in the overall quality. It is difficult for modern people to have the patience to learn how to make clothes. On the other hand, because the factory is getting smaller and smaller, quality control cost is reduced a lot.

      This section mainly discusses how the seller can understand the actual situation of the clothing manufacturing company from four perspectives: the size of the factory, the clients of the factory, the credibility of the factory owner, the staffing, and the management cost of the factory. Before looking for custom clothing manufacturers to book, it is vital to understand these four aspects, critical for a long-term and harmonious partnership in the future.

❉Factors to Consider When Choosing the Perfect Custom Clothing Manufacturers in China for Your Brand:

Chinese Garment Factory 3

1. Minimum Order Quantity

      For a start-up business, the minimum order size is the most determining factor. Many factories with a particular scale have specific requirements for the minimum order quantity of a single product style. Although many factories have implemented flexible small-batch production customization and have low requirements for a single type, businesses should pay attention to the cost. After all, clothes need to meet the market’s demand. If the volume is not high and the per-unit cost is low, your products in the market lack competitiveness.

2. Quality Control and Marketing

       Now we can send the drawings to the custom clothing manufacturers for the sample, but generally, we need to know the designer’s plan. Ordinarily, our garment factory can accept drawing samples for customers with a long-term partnership, but we dare not directly make orders with only one image for new customers. Even if they work in the same company, and the stylist and production division meet every day, they still cannot understand some things. Let alone the clothing manufacturers and people from different places and businesses.

      Now many shop owners are young college students. They don’t know much about manufacturing clothes. They often send a picture to the garment factory and think that the custom clothing manufacturers can produce the clothes according to the image. In fact, this is not a guaranteed practice. The thinking of designers is not the same as that of pattern makers. Why designers and pattern makers often complain about each other is because the direction of understanding is different.

      Designers are mostly more perceptual, while production division is relatively rational. In addition, many designers do not know the craft, and the design they draw may not be able to carry out mass production. But designers who don’t know how to make patterns are not good designers. Some designs are complex and not suitable for mass production. Hence, understanding the whole structure is important to come up with different and plenty of versions. I had years of working on other versions. And I deem designers must be familiar with the process. When I deal with designers, I usually start by teaching them the craft and procedure.

      In terms of quality control, one must find a licensed factory when looking for custom clothing manufacturers. Some garment factories cannot make some types of clothes. Some clothing manufacturers in China that make shirts will not make pants, while a factory that makes suits will not make sweaters.

      What Clothes Need to be Produced?

      You have to find the suitable clothing manufacturers.

      When you go to a garment factory, you need to examine if the surrounding is clean and tidy. When I accompanied a Japanese client to inspect the factory, he did not go to the workshop to check the quality of clothes first, but he first explored the toilet. The factory that cleans the bathroom regularly is equivalent to the strong sense of quality the boss has. The quality of clothes from such clothing manufacturers can be better.

      Another way is to help the garment factory deliver goods. The clothing manufacturers in China will handle any return or exchange of goods with quality problems, and all the expenses incurred will be borne by the as agreed. In this way, factories will take the initiative to focus on quality.

      As for the sellers, they are free from tedious production procurement functions. They only need to concentrate on good sales. The delivery model is an easy way for the seller to let the factory deliver the goods and reduce the cost of warehouse inventory. At present, we cooperate with shop merchants for an easier process.

3. Payment Schedule

      The payment schedule for the order is also a key factor in the agreement with the clothing manufacturers. For big brands, their standard contract is they usually have two or three months to pay. Because of the brand endorsement, the garment factory can agree to this but note that the risk is also not small.

      Many custom clothing manufacturers may not be amenable to longer payment terms for the general shop merchants or small sellers. So, for these clients, most of them need to hand over their payment upon delivery. Of course, if the partnership lasts for a long time, you can discuss payment plans with the garment factory.

      If the business wants to find the right clothing manufacturers in China, it needs to operate with the garment factory and not just ask to process it. If you just take the factory as your processing unit as small businesses generally do not understand most clothing manufacturing procedures, this will often cause conflicting differences. We need to reach an amicable cooperation agreement regarding minimum order quantity, quality follow-up, payment method, etc., for a solid and productive relationship.

      The impact of the epidemic on the garment manufacturing industry

      The outbreak has divided many garment factories into “three categories”:

      First is what we call being passive and accepting downfall where several factories can’t stand the loss hence directly closed down;

      Second is the transformation to the production of masks, wherein the boss made an investment and saw the return in two months which is equivalent to a year’s profit;

      The third is to keep the clothing manufacturing business, but that will not be much better.

      With the epidemic’s effect, this year’s spring clothes are basically unmoved. And this kind of spring clothes was produced in the second half of last year, but can only be sold as autumn clothes. And summer clothing is just “catching up with the tail,” for winter clothing. I also said not to be optimistic. After all, with last year’s warm winter, the winter clothing inventory is aplenty. For a long time, those who have been clothing manufacturers in China understand that it is hard to see a significant improvement this year.

      Some of the basic changes have to do with a short-term band cargo or to bring the cargo host broadcast cooperation. As our factory is mainly for domestic sales, many anchors find us in the later stage. In the past, custom clothing manufacturers in China can still receive some foreign orders when it is not busy, but this year, foreign trade orders also suffered from the shortage.

       It is a good year for clothing manufacturers in China to thrive

      This year’s outbreak has had a notable impact on the garment industry. This is the reason many custom clothing manufacturers are suffering.

      How to find the perfect clothing manufacturers for long-term partnership after the epidemic

      Although the epidemic has impacted the clothing industry, we should also recognize that some good things benefited from it. For example, during the epidemic, sellers do live videos to sell their products. With a short video of these sellers, their sales did not decrease but increased. These success stories bring light and hope for us.

      This is also an opportunity for businesses looking for the right clothing manufacturers in China

      I believe garment factories will unlikely make a price increase this year, although no price reduction is sound. But, the costs should be more controllable this year. As a matter of fact, many foreign trade factories’ manufacturing capacities are very strong. Several custom clothing manufacturers in China producing orders for famous foreign brands have a severe shortage of orders, which means it is an excellent opportunity for many small businesses.

      The shops that are still looking for the right clothing manufacturers in China, with a big or small factory as they grow, following where the big brands go won’t go wrong. Although we have experienced the epidemic’s impact this year, we need to know how to turn crises into opportunities and learn to identify business opportunities amid uncertainty. For novice companies, because clothing manufacturers are in a challenging period, this is an ideal time to seize some perfect deals from the factory.


1.The difficulties encountered in the initial stage of entrepreneurship.

      The main problems to expect are the payment schedule, orders, and staff deficiencies. In particular, we should focus on the supply chain and the basic security of employees.

2.Assessing the quality of a factory

      1 It cannot be determined just by the size of the factory.

      2 Understand the customer orientation of the factory

      3 The credibility of the boss

      4 Organizational structure and staffing

3.Online shops or wholesale retailers must consider these factors:

      1 For a start-up business, the minimum order quantity is the most critical factor.When looking for a factory, find the one with a license.

      The most important thing you need to observe when you go to a garment factory is if the surrounding is clean and tidy.

      2  Negotiating with the factory for services. The payment schedule and method are also essential.

      3 The clothing manufacturers will produce, deliver, and take the initiative to pay attention to the quality of every product; The sellers are now free from the tedious production process and can concentrate on sales.

4. Impact of the epidemic on the garment manufacturing industry

      The epidemic has undoubtedly shown a downward trend in the consumption power of Chinese people as a whole. This year, garment factories are affected by the epidemic, which mainly divides them into three groups:

      ○ Being passive and accepting downfall

      ○ Turning to masks production

      ○ Maintain the clothing business

      The impact of the epidemic on garment factories is not as bad as people assume. Although, custom clothing manufacturers in China still have to face a shortage of orders.

5. After the epidemic, how to find the best clothing manufacturers and have a long-term partnership

      When looking for clothing manufacturers in China, clothing merchants can find a small factory to grow with or follow the big brands. Either way, both options will work.

❉Detailed Steps to Garment Production with Clothing Manufacturer in China

A Fabric Factory In Zhejiang

      If you are in the clothing business and have yet to commission some clothing manufacturers to produce your products, you can always arrange with them to procure materials. You also have the option to purchase the raw materials yourself and entrust the garment factory to process production (CMT). If you are not familiar with the procedure, here are some guides on how to engage the services of custom clothing manufacturers in China, from procuring materials to labor.


  1.       Provide a design draft and external embellishment sample. Try to include and be specific on the fabrics and accessories pieces you want in your design. To achieve this, you need to give the custom clothing manufacturers the precise requirement. Therefore, having a demo is a smart move. You can look around the wholesale market or sellers to find the accessories you need. Ask them to give you an estimate. Transacting directly with them when obtaining textiles can be difficult; therefore, you can always ask your intended clothing manufacturers to contact them. And if you cannot provide any sample, you can make a specific text description and details (for example, fabric composition, pattern, texture effect, weight, etc.). Your clothing manufacturers in China will assist you in reaching your requirements and specifications.


  1.       The design draft you present to the garment factory must be technical drawings, not only fabric renderings. However, both are essentials. Many designers don’t understand the difference between technical drawings and clothing costume renderings. If you only give the custom clothing manufacturers renderings, it could be vague. Either way, you will eventually convert it into a technical sketch. Technical drawings should have a specific product description, including length, proportion, position, or if the product has unique requirements, etc.


  1.       Determine the type of clothing category your prospective custom clothing manufacturers in China regularly produce. Each garment factory needs to explain which classification they can accommodate. Tell them the kind of clothing you need. If it’s a sweater, look for a sweater factory. Most of these factories have a partnership with yarn producers where you can always inspect directly. For the cutting process (woven, knitting), a corresponding department concentrates on such a job. People who are in charge of weaving may not know how to knit. Although blended fabrics are now available, they are usually made in different ways and require other equipment. In addition, some factories are good at making coats and trousers; Some are good at making skirts. And custom clothing manufacturers require different methods and processes to create other clothes. The equipment for making down jackets is not similar as well. In short, you have to find the corresponding garment factory.


  1.       Give the renderings, technical drawings, fabrics, and accessories samples to reliable custom clothing manufacturers in China. Then, ask them to give you a quote. The offer during the initial transaction is very introductory, but they need to prepare it. If the cost is beyond your budget, you can either try to adjust the design or find another garment factory. Keep in mind that the quotation is closely related to the quantity ordered. In principle, the larger the quantity, the lower the unit price. In addition, the production and processing of a minimum order quantity (MOQ) are all considered.


  1.       Afterward, ask the custom clothing manufacturers to make the sample. When making one, you can usually use similar fabrics (unless you can buy the fabric on the spot market) to make a pattern. In the meantime, use this time to find fabric suppliers.


  1.       Confirm the outcome of the sample clothes. It is mainly to test whether the design is feasible. Custom clothing manufacturers in China do understand that some designers lack experience in making a draft. Some design features may be excessive, resulting in less aesthetic appeal. Some fail to use and take advantage of more quality fabrics. And if the structural design is not flexible enough, the production cost may increase to achieve such products. Weigh which features are necessary and why they matter. Is it to be attractive or the structural design? Designers must balance sensibility and beauty when creating a product. Some materials have limits, like leather garments. Hence, acquiring them can be a challenge.


      Many stylists, who clothing manufacturers meet, only want to see accomplish their finished product. But any designs must be based on logic and purpose, not just satisfying oneself. In addition, the goal should be how comfortable the sample clothes have become and not just the aesthetic look. The issue one can encounter with sample models is that looking good is not equal to comfort. Some may view comfortable clothes as not gorgeous.


    Another thing is that printer is vital as some designers do not have much regard for clothing manufacturers. And this condition needs to change. This is so because designers often assume that custom clothing manufacturers do not understand their design. On the other hand, printmakers often feel that designers don’t understand technology. Frankly, a designer who can only draw is not a designer. Designers have to understand technology, which does not happen overnight, but you have to be studied.


  1.       Generally, there are few samples done in one step. It is usual for custom clothing manufacturers in China to have model pieces adjusted several times, especially if you have specific requirements for quality. It is suggested to find goods directly from the wholesale market. This practice will save you so much trouble.


  1.       When it comes to mass production, the fabric is the first thing done. If the material is in stock (it is strongly recommended that beginners start from here), then directly buy from the garment factory. If you have to customize, specify the color from the color card confirmation, which is an iterative process. There is also the hand-woven sample confirmation (small sample confirmation) before clothing manufacturers begin to produce large goods.


  1.       Once the fabric is available, inspection is required. It should at least follow and pass the international standards; it should also not exceed the shrinkage rate and lose color. These two are the most common problems in fabric creation. Clothing manufacturers must make another production sample from here. This is not the same as the previous sample, often referred to in the jargon as “selling sample.” Before mass production, we need to make a production sample. The reason is that the fabric of the selling sample is usually not 100% accurate, and the fabric will affect the mass production process. Clothing manufacturers in China must not bypass this process. Otherwise, once the bulk material is cut, a batch of goods may be lost once there is a problem. The production of sample clothing usually needs to seal the sample to knock a seal on the sample clothing. In future bulk inspections, this sample will become the standard.
  2.   After the confirmation of the production sample, custom clothing manufacturers begin fabric cutting begins. It starts with cutting and sewing on the assembly line, ironing if it involves embroidery. Next is cutting printing, bead ordering, hot drilling, and other additional processes. Some procedures are assigned to the different factories as they have the means to do so. This will involve additional costs and time. Afterward, the product is sent back to the main clothing manufacturers in China, who will do the tail (ironing, tail check), packaging, and packing.

Actual problems one might encounter:

      The above process stated is just the initial process, and that is if everything goes well. The harsh reality is that things often don’t go so well as planned.


  1.     First of all, it is not easy to find reliable clothing manufacturers, especially someone who hardly has experience. Garment factory managers can be hard on people without knowledge or expertise. But one must face the fact that the production process must be done. 


  1.     One piece of advice is that it is better to find a small family workshop if you do not meet the minimum order quantity (dozens of pieces). Now, this practice is more common as some homes have several sewing machines. In this way, to find a place with groundwork and to achieve this, cut the first piece. If the quantity is not too large, combining the order with several tailor shops can also be done.


  1.     The minimum order quantity of fabric can be a problem. Fortunately, now that digital printing is available, you can buy regular grey cloth and print on it. Or go to the wholesale market. Finding custom clothing manufacturers in China is not very suitable for small-scale products. You might use the same fabric but in several styles.


  1.     In addition, one must consider the method, time, quality, and cost control.

Procedures for customized products:

  1.      Providing clothing production materials. The contents should include the specific details of raw materials, accessories (trademark/size label/washing label), yard divider, size table (XS-S-M-L-XL), coordinating different parts of cloth, and color to use; Density and width of sewing thread in various parts. This one should belong to the scope of technological design. If you do not understand how it works, the garment factory’s experienced technicians can guide and help you complete the details of the process design, which is, in fact, not difficult.


  1.       Price calculation. Material cost + labor cost + tax = unit price. The labor cost is based on the design, whether it is a simple or tedious process, and the time required to produce. The factory generally charges profits and taxes at 10%~30%, which are all included in the unit price.


  1.       Production contract signing. Does the garment factory follow your instructions? Is the factory able to finish the production on schedule and package delivery within the agreed time? How do you pay the factory? These should be stated in the contract terms and binding measures of the corresponding parties.


  1.       Process supervision. We can ask the custom clothing manufacturers to do a sample first, see the garment factory’s ability to understand the data requirements and evaluate the factory’s quality control system and technical level. A good sample proves that the factory is capable of making clothes that meet your requirements. For the bad sample, see what the problem is, and then discuss with the factory to see if it can be improved and made up once more. And then make the sample again until you are satisfied with the result. You and your chosen clothing manufacturers can agree to the production process and so mass production can commence. 


  1.       Clothing manufacturers in China can assist during the inspection. The rest of the process is for you to sell through your distribution channels, design the next model, and repeat the whole process.

❉How to Optimize the Supply Chain of the Garment Industry?

Garment Industry 1

An ideal supply chain synergy scenario in the garment industry

  1.     The ideal supply chain is one that ensures that products are not out of stock while maintaining the lowest inventory. To be able to achieve low inventory, it is necessary to shorten its cycle. Now, shortening the supply chain cycle through supply chain collaboration is essentially about information exchange and risk-sharingConsider this scenario:

    1. Let’s take fashion STYLE A as an example. The sales department makes the quarterly sales forecast of fashion STYLE A and prepares goods for the first order based on 20% of the expected sales volume;
    2. The terminal obtains the sales data of STYLE A every day and adjusts its overall sales projection in the current quarter accordingly.


        * Redundancy factor: Additional inventory should be prepared for each product according to the SKU figures and possible unpredictable circumstances, such as logistics routing.

        3.The clothing manufacturer can calculate the number of subsequent orders of the product according to the sales expectation of the sales department and the real-time inventory of the terminal. They can then prepare the materials according to the expected figures. Material preparation can significantly shorten the supply chain cycle of clothing and reduce the number of products in the terminal inventory.

        4.Similarly, accessories and clothing manufacturers can also prepare raw materials according to the anticipated quantities and material inventory.

        All this is my theoretical reference for the year.

What problems can apparel supply chain collaboration solve?

      Actually, it is my belief that shortening the supply chain cycle through garment supply chain coordination is essentially changing the stocking belonging initially to the terminal into a small part of the stocking of the terminal, the fabric and accessories of garment manufacturers, and the raw materials of garment fabric and accessories manufacturers. The clothing supply chain cycle is long because there are many links. For example, when I make pure cotton T-shirts, the whole garment production process takes about 60 days. This period covers everything from cotton picking, cotton spinning, weaving, dyeing, finishing, cutting (embroidery/printing), garment factory sewing, and finally to finishing and packaging. Only cutting (embroidery/printing), garment factory sewing, post-finishing, and packing are required, provided the garment manufacturer has the materials ready. This stage typically takes 10 to 15 days but can be completed in 3 to 7 days if accelerated, thereby significantly reducing the time cycle of clothing production.

      The inventory of the clothing terminal is prepared according to the predetermined sales plan. Once the sales volume of the burst items exceeds the expectation, it is easy to run out of goods. Under normal circumstances, the cycle of reordering in the clothing supply chain is more than a month. Once the replenishment window is missed, the reordering will easily become a backlog of inventory. So a lot of times, the terminal will choose to end up selling out of the model, and instead try to sell a backlog of models that are not selling well.

These below reflect the advantages of apparel supply chain synergy:

  1. Since clothing manufacturers have prepared materials, the production cycle is much shorter, and it is easy to keep up with the sales rhythm of popular styles;
  2. As a result of information sharing, on the day the product sales start to rise significantly, clothing manufacturers and those for fabrics and accessories will start synchronized production and prepare to increase the corresponding quantity of materials.

      For example, the sales volume of the STYLE B designed by the customer this year was expected to be 25,000 pieces, but the final sales volume was 37,228 by July 10. Nevertheless, we have never been out of stock for the entire quarter. In the second week after the launch of STYLE B, the actual sales volume began to exceed the planned sales volume. However, the sales volume exceeded only 10% at the beginning, so just 2,500 pieces needed to be added in the first order. Likewise, when follow-up sales continue to rise, the sales plan changes, and there will also be a synchronization of double orders.

What are the obstacles and problems to realizing the ideal supply chain synergy scenario? How can they be solved?

  1.     In many cases, sales data are a secret of a clothing brand. Is the terminal willing to give the data to garment supply chain enterprises? How can it be ensured that the clothing sales data will only flow through the supply chain and not leak out? I would like to ask my friends in sales, are you willing to share the data with the clothing suppliers?

        It is difficult for general merchants to give clothing sales data to clothing suppliers, which requires complete trust from both sides. Because the clothing market reacts too quickly, it will be crucial for both the clothing manufacturers and salespoints once the information is leaked. In reality, clothing suppliers need two types of sales data. The first is the accurate sales information of clothing sellers to each SKU every day. The second is real-time inventory data from clothing sellers. Usually, unfamiliar clothing suppliers don’t like such complicated things.

        Here are a few questions for you to consider:

        Question 1: As a clothing seller, are you willing to provide accurate sales data and real-time inventory data to clothing suppliers? Under what circumstances would a business be willing to give such data to a vendor? Would there be conditions?

        Question 2: The core of a clothing manufacturer’s material preparation is the risk transfer of the terminal. In case of a sudden decline in sales, clothing manufacturers are ready to stock large quantities of fabrics and accessories. Similarly, upstream clothing fabric and accessories manufacturers also have corresponding risks. Why are clothing manufacturers willing to take that risk? How can this risk be reduced?

Under what circumstances are you willing to prepare materials for your clients? Here are some considerations:

  1. The customer needs to provide real-time clothing sales data and warehouse inventory, as well as the expected quarterly sales plan that is updated with the real-time sales data;
  2. In case the sales volume is far less than the sales plan, clothing sellers and clothing factories will try their best to develop other styles according to the raw material to promote sales;
  3. If no other styles can be reasonably sold, the clothing factory will sell the products to the sellers at cost price, and the clothing sellers will sell the products through discount and low-price promotions.

      There is indeed a big difference between the initial sales expectation and the actual final sales. For example, let’s say the initial sales of STYLE A are 20,000 pieces, STYLE B is 2,500 pieces, and STYLE C is 1,500 pieces. Because of the assumption that the supply chain cycle is short enough, the customer’s planned sales volume can be as conservative as possible.

      Question 3: Frequent and small orders but repeated will cause a certain degree of increase in cost and loss. How can inventory risk be avoided while not increasing the cost considerably?

    Truth be told, the basic low value of the goods does not actually need the frequency of quick orders. This clothing style inventory risk is low, and the added value is not high. The energy spent to receive goods is not significant. It is the same as the original question about multiple orders — cost-efficiency is not necessarily high. However, for the design model, the product’s added value is high. The increased logistics cost and management cost actually account for a very low proportion in front of the increased sales volume. Secondly, once the design is unsalable, it is challenging to dispose of, so the inventory needs to be as small as possible.

❉How is Inventory Managed in the Garment Industry?

Garment Industry Of China

     It is a fact that the biggest fear in clothing sales businesses is the inventory backlogs. After years of development, clothing brands have created various ways to distribute clothing inventory.

    At present, the following inventory processing modes have been adopted in the clothing market:

  1. Multi-brand discount stores. For example, T.J. Maxx and others in the United States use this method.

     2, Tail goods wholesalers and clothing discount stores. Tail goods trading companies for clothing and clothing factories usually have a clearing channel for the goods.

  1. E-commerce platform. This approach is being used more and more with the rise of retailing services over the internet. However, this online channel may affect the original brick-and-mortar and franchise store pricing system. There are currently many platforms available, but there is a chance that some e-commerce functions are insufficient.
  2. Webcast.The sales potentiality of live broadcasting platforms has become more and more valued by clothing merchants. But they also have problems with sorting goods, returning or replacing them, as well as after-sales issues.

    Different heavyweight brands can choose tail goods suppliers through competitive bidding. Usually, special intermediaries actively contact clothing brands to provide different tail goods processing channels.

    So many inventory distribution channels have their advantages and disadvantages. Secondary clothing wholesalers and carrier companies are the best way to deal with these. Naturally, some of these are good, some bad—for example, the discount franchise mentioned before. You need to have the elements of management, franchisee, and supply and warehouse management.

    Brand discount stores joining this approach of business have considerable strength. There are more franchise stores, and so their procurement is also extensive. These discount franchises are now also called “co-ops.”

    However, the mode of social e-commerce uses private domain traffic, which does little harm to clothing brands.

    Of course, clothing brands can also do the same through their own direct discount store model. The revenue from this kind of approach is much higher than that from franchises. However, it also means that the cost of opening a store and the cost of goods is higher.

❉In the Current Economic Environment, How Do You Look at the Clothing Industry?

Clothes Store In China

     In the current economic environment, whether the garment industry is worth the investment, or whether there are new investment ideas, this is the garment industry practitioners are very concerned about the problem. For this reason, I will systematically discuss the pain points and opportunities of online and offline, primary and secondary markets, and stalls in the clothing industry, so as to see the problem from a more diversified perspective. I hope to give my friends who care about this issue some different views.

Under what circumstances are you willing to prepare materials for your clients? Here are some considerations:

      According to the due diligence, the annual discount cost of the brand is 15-20%, and a large discount cost should be paid. And the cost of traffic is getting higher and higher, marketing will account for more than 20%. Add in a return rate of around 15%, and that doesn’t really leave a lot of room for merchants.

      Of course, the big sellers are still happy, but the clothing industry is increasingly like a pyramid. As a result, online sales are becoming more and more competitive, and it is very difficult for clothing brands to sell high prices online. You can’t create an expensive feel online, and it’s hard to get consumers to pay a premium. If clothing styles are not differentiated, the customer turnover rate will be very high after entering the store, because the cost of searching and comparing prices is so low.

      When a consumer enters an online clothing store and sees a style she likes, she will directly search the whole Internet and go to other stores if the price is lower. At least salespeople in offline stores have plenty of tools to retain customers. In fact, in many places, large brands and small brands coexist, and there are many long-tail brands, each with its own customer groups. Big brands are really huge. A lot of people talk about “going offline”, but the rent cost of offline clothing stores is not low.

      An important reason for the volatility of the clothing industry is the low valuation given by the market. The reason behind this is that the inventory cycle is recurring and the life cycle of a clothing brand is not easy to control. It is very difficult for primary market investors to invest in a clothing brand and expect to see where it will be in five or even 10 years.

      It is very difficult for primary market investors to invest in a clothing brand and expect to see where it will be in five or even 10 years. But it’s also a good place to invest if you can find an investment opportunity.

      Based on the performance of the secondary market (the publicly traded stock market), the apparel industry has underperformed the broader market since 2017. 2019 alone will be a little better, not much worse than the market. Clothing can be a safe haven, but it’s hard to get a good return.

      In some markets, it can be a very good business and a very profitable business for practitioners. But investors will not touch it, first, because the cash flow of a well-done clothing store is not bad, and secondly, it is difficult for a small store to continue to grow, so as to annex other stores or expand the category. The garment industry is complex, rapid expansion, the management ability of the stall can not keep up. Two is from clothing stall boss to entrepreneur, middle still some gap.

      There is also a point, a simple clothing shop is to do intermediate trading wholesale, it will be difficult to IPO, and investors are seeking to exit immediately after listing. So although the file to make money, but not suitable for investors.

      From a dynamic point of view, if the boss of a clothing store has strong management ability, can introduce digital management model, make several core clothing categories radiate to the region or even the whole country, and have a clear grasp of the direction of the terminal, then venture capital will be very interested.

  1. A new way to remove clothing inventory.

      So where are the new opportunities for the entire garment industry? Let’s start with the simplest logic. When the clothing industry weakens and sales decline, the first problem is overstocking. So what about the inventory overhang?

      Provide supply and selection services, marketing and customer acquisition tools, commodity management tools. The main brand tail goods, the price for the sign price 1-2 discount. Divided into brand cloud warehouse inventory and proprietary buyout inventory.

      Through the combination of clothing purchasing agent and tail goods, the problem that the quality of goods purchased on behalf is not guaranteed and the tail goods are difficult to reach users can be solved. Promote goods from first – and second-tier cities to third – and fourth-tier cities. At the same time, in a closed social system, to avoid tail dumping damage to clothing brand positioning.


  1. Clothing supply chain – clothing production and manufacturing: from the intelligent hanging system to the MES management system of the entire garment production capacity, there is no order to be forced to upgrade?


      3. Clothing supply chain – the cloth trade: The winner from the corpse pile of competitors?


  1. Clothing supply chain – Accessories trading: Will small markets bring big returns?


      5.Live streaming and social e-commerce: Traffic is reshaping the clothing industry. Is it a flash in the pan or the end?



❉How to Choose Suitable Clothing Fabric Suppliers in China?

Fabric Factory Inner View

     After 40 years of development, from 1978 to 2018, China became the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of clothing and textiles. Since the reform and opening up 40 years ago, the manufacturing capacity of China’s textile industry has improved by leaps and bounds. The garment industry’s operations have improved day by day. There was an awakening of the spirit of enterprises in the garment industry. These companies have integrated into the tide of globalization in a multifaceted way. Through the years of vigorous development of the garment and textile sectors, the Keqiao region of China has burgeoned into the world’s largest textile fabric market, earning the title “China Textile City.”   

First, a brief discussion about fabrics:

       In producing textiles, there are several types of standard textile fibers. Cotton, hemp, wool, and silk are commonly used in natural fiber textile threads. Animal and plant fibers classify as natural fibers. Synthetic fibers come from petroleum products. There is another category of semi-synthetic fibers made from natural polymers such as wood. In producing fabrics, there are usually three ways of weaving: woven, knitted, and non-woven.

      The weaving industry is especially thriving in the Jiangsu region of China, making it another key location for the garment industry in the country. Non-woven fabrics are a category of fabric requiring no spinning and weaving. Instead, the fibers are bonded together. It is just a directional or random arrangement of textile staple fibers to assemble a fiber network structure. It is then strengthened by mechanical, thermal bonding, or chemical methods. Most of the fabrics used in our garment industry are knitted and woven. Knitting is shaped by winding, and tatting is woven with warp and weft. Of course, the technologies applied in these processes have also developed as the garment industry grew throughout the years.

      The production process of our garment fabric is generally spinning, forming, weaving, and dyeing. In preparation for dyeing, there is a critical part called Pretreatment. The process mainly involves removing impurities in the fiber, including the oils and pulp added during the textile process. It results in a white appearance, soft feel, and good permeability. Reactive dyes, disperse acid cation, and disperse dyes are common types utilized in the garment industry. The three factors that affect color are color depth, brightness, and color light bias.

Next, let's talk about the Keqiao fabric market:

      Situated on the New Silk Road, the district of Keqiao in Shaoxing City hosts the biggest number of garment industry companies in China. Keqiao Market comprises several parts: North Market, Tianhui Square, East Market, United Market, Old Market, Dongsheng Road Market, and Boutique Market. East Market has the most expensive rental spaces, so it has the stronger and more prominent businesses in Keqiao Market. In the North Market, it is relatively cheap. It is divided into 1-7 areas, and the products are more diverse. You can find things like color ding, chiffon, lace, and mesh cloth here. Dongsheng Road Market mainly deals with knitting; that’s why it’s also called Knitting Market. Although Boutique Market is named as such, in fact, it only does fabric printing. Most merchants on the main streets have the means and capability to develop new products and samples.

Finally, we examine the relationship between garment industry development and fabric industry:

      Do you think that amidst the general decline in clothing sales this year, is it impossible for the major brands in the garment industry to increase sales?

      Confronted by declining sales, many clothing companies have cut costs and lowered quality standards.

      So, how should clothing companies choose the appropriate fabric suppliers to suit their needs?

      Like in other sectors, the confidentiality of positioning, clothing style, and age targets is crucial in the garment industry. At the Keqiao fabric market, information is too open, so new fabrics are very easy to copy. So, some big brands will collect their new materials discreetly and out of plain view because the chance of information leaking out is high. Concerning trends in the garment industry, fabrics shown on Fashion Week’s runways are already on display the next day in every fabric market. It may not appear that fast, but factories are already quickly churning out imitations.

      In such a market environment in the garment industry, although we serve big customers, we also protect customer resources. Despite the focus on chasing sales and money, it is crucial to adhere to principles and protect customers. It is fundamentally why our customers choose to cooperate with us. With this trust and confidence, we play our role in strengthening further the garment industry.

❉How are Fashion Trends Predicted in the Clothing Industry?

Bronx & Banco Runway September 2019 New York Fashion Week: The Shows

1. What are the trends in clothing? What are ways to predict fashion trends?

      Trends influence the manner of manufacturing in the clothing industry. Fashion trends in clothing mainly include color, material, profile, style, arrangement, mainstream lifestyles, etc. In their work, most people read reports from forecasters like WGSN. As to how forecasters make their predictions, they usually compile reports on socio-political issues, hot topics, street fashion, consumer insights, and so on. In addition, there are last season’s performance data on forecast style sales, competitive products, streetwear photos, popular websites, professional agencies, and industry professionals’ reports, among others.

      To summarize, here is what is involved in forecasting fashion trends in the clothing industry:

  1. Compare and contrast characteristics between historical fashion trend prediction and actual fashion trend, and analyze the reasons for the variation;
  2. Analyze the comparisons between historical consumer clothing predictions and actual consumer clothing preferences, and analyze the reasons for the differences;
  3. Examine the main factors that cause the changes in historical clothing trends;
  4. Determine the main elements that can affect changes in future fashion trends;
  5. Study the life cycle of clothing trends, and evaluate the current stage and remaining phases of the trend based on the cycle diagram;
  6. Utilize professional prediction techniques and tools to predict fashion trends (such as WGSN and others);
  7. Constantly follow up the fashion trends while studying the factors in the gaps between the actual situation and the forecast data;
  8. Ensure regular forecast updates.


    Furthermore, with various fashion trend forecasting methods out there, what do we expect fashion trends to achieve?

      Clothing enterprises and clothing industry professionals gather information on the current season’s fashion trends and the subsequent seasons in various ways. They transform this knowledge into specific ideas for their own clothing products. They combine popular concepts such as type, positioning, and style characteristics and implement them in their own clothes. Aspects like color, material, type, and details are refined for their own line of clothing products. Because the trend is the general direction and represents many elements of the season, clothing designers need to combine and extract features to design to keep abreast with the trend. When a fashion trend is launched, the clothing industry tends to move in the same direction and then create designs based on the style and the color scheme of their clothing brands. These trends even have an impact outside the clothing industry, namely on the catering businesses, decorations, window styles, and others. But in the final analysis, the fundamental objective is to make their clothing products sell well and receive high praises in the market and in the clothing industry in general.

      The integration process requires clothing brands to have a unique understanding and clever use of fashion plans, a good grasp of the local fashion trends, as well as the intricacies of the clothing industry’s activities. They must also be able to support their styles and win the hearts of consumers to improve brand competitiveness, and this is what it takes to make the products sell well! Another crucial point is to position future customers and integrate them in marketing directions.

      Over the years of development in the clothing industry, there have been two stages in the history of trend prediction. Occurring prior to the Second World War, the first period revolved around the cultivation of relevant institutions and organizations, such as those related to color, with Paris as the center of world fashion. After the Second World War, the second phase began, and it involved the globalization of fashion, garment manufacturing, communication media, and the professionalization of forecasting.


(1) The first period, before World War II, focused on the cultivation of relevant institutions and organizations and recognized Paris as the world fashion center.

      The clothing industry’s attention to determining the potential interests of consumers started many years ago. The earliest fashion trends to predict demand for clothing can be traced back to 1825 when British manufacturers visiting the United States were inspired by the light wool blend fabric used in outerwear. British merchants realized the market potential of this fabric, introduced it to the home country, began mass production, and soon enough, started a fad. In 1828, a French magazine called La Bella Assemblee began to present what they thought would be popular clothing styles, which was the first seed of popular predictions in the clothing industry.

      There was a continuous refinement of social production, the rapid development of garment manufacturing, dyeing technology, and an evolution in the clothing industry in general. Simultaneously, an increase in the demand for fashion and pop music trend predictions occurred. The brief descriptions in magazines had become more and more unable to meet the requirements of the rapid development of the clothing industry. At this point, professional advisory clothing associations and institutions helping the clothing industry arose to guide the development of the new season’s clothing products. Notably, these were the Pop Color Association, the Toby Consultants Association, and the Fashion Concept Group.


(2) The second phase began after World War II, and it involved the globalization of fashion, garment manufacturing, communication media, and the professionalization of forecasting in the clothing industry.

      If the pre-Second World War period was embryonic, then the post-World War II period was vigorous. After this war, the rise of hedonism and the birth of the Barbie doll further extended the concept of fashion and popularity. The clothing industry was set to undergo a significant evolution in its character at this point. The groups that triggered and accepted the trend developed towards a diversified and multi-age direction. The popularity of fast fashion and increased trade and exhibition activities prompted more trend forecasting organizations to intervene to provide accurate advanced guidance for enterprises in the clothing industry. In this period, international trend forecasting organizations such as Promostyl, Carlin, Peclers, and the Fashion Trend Forecasting Association were the leading agencies consulted by clothing industry players. Furthermore, the vigorous development of clothing information companies and the fierce competition have promoted the rapid growth of the forecasting industry, and subsequently, the clothing industry.

      The convenient and quick production and clothing import and export trade had become a global cultural phenomenon. Fashion production became an international competition. The popular practice of today’s forecaster is trend-prediction by worldwide sales concepts, popular features, and information for clothing merchants to provide valuable information and appeal to a broader range of consumer groups. At the same time, the development of information technology makes the service of fashion forecasting more convenient, diversified, and rich. The establishment of WGSN, Stylesight, and other online information organizations provides more possibilities for developing the fashion and clothing industry.

      At present, the modern methods for predicting the fashion color trend in the world are mainly divided into three categories. The first is the intuitive prediction method represented by the European Union. Next is the market research forecast represented by Japan. The third and last is a predictive method combining mathematical models and computer technology. With these three kinds of systems at the center, other countries have put forward their own popular color prediction theories and practices in varying degrees, which greatly influence the pace of activities in the clothing industry in their respective locations. These three categories represent institutional authority, markets, and future data.

❉How Do Fashion Designers Plan Fabric and Design Trends?

    The amateur sees the fun, while the expert sees the way. The uninitiated would say the cost of garment manufacturing is so low that a piece of fabric is not worth much. However, only a garment manufacturer would sadly know that with the expenses for labor, equipment, accessories, plates, rent, water, and electricity, in the end, a dress doesn’t really make any money!

    I have a suggestion for purchasers, if I may. In the process of going into an agreement with your garment manufacturer, it would be good to extend them a bit more confidence. For example, suppose the risk of partnering with you is small, and your order is made in advance. In that case, the garment manufacturer can relatively reduce its costs in completing the manufacturing process with you!

    As for quotations for clothing, many people may ask some straightforward questions, such as, “How much does it really cost to make a T-shirt?” or “How much does it cost to make a coat of this style?” When I hear someone ask such questions, I already know the person doesn’t know anything about the garment manufacturers and the industry!

european and american girls fashion street shoot 7

1. Garment processing cost structure:

      A garment manufacturer generally bears the following costs: fabric price, accessories price, fabric wastage, embroidery cost, printing cost, and washing cost.

      The cost of producing clothes can be roughly divided into the above aspects, plus pure processing costs and factory profits. Therefore, coming up with the exact quotation of a piece of clothing usually requires the buyer to find the same fabric and accessories price. The pattern maker also has to calculate the possible fabric consumption with the mark rack.

      If the new clothing task includes the pattern and samples, proofing, and factor in plate making fee, in addition to your quality requirements, how much each batch quantity will not be the same. For example, there would be a huge difference between a batch of 10,000 and 100.  The price will be substantially different based on the garment manufacturer’s set factory wages and accounting requirements.  All these things considered will provide a good indication of price.

      Processing with supplied materials: Processing with supplied materials is not the same as with contracted materials. Normally, the garment manufacturer’s processing plant does not have to bear any risk for the customer to process with supplied materials. Therefore, the garment processing plant only needs to quote the standard processing fee.

      Contractor and material: If the garment factory is the contractor and supplier of the material, then the garment manufacturer will pay for the purchase of cloth, which is a kind of investment practice. In addition to the raw material cost and garment processing cost, the price quoted by the garment factory must also have its mark up.

      Generally speaking, the greater the risk, the higher the requirements set by the garment manufacturer for the factories’ profits. Such risks include political and regional instability.  Security conditions and political climates vary from one country to another, especially between developed and developing countries.  Hence, costs and profit margins are commonly higher in regions experiencing such instability. There may be a few concessions if the customer has a trusted, long-standing working relationship with the garment manufacturer, of course. Nonetheless, such risks and concerns do significantly have effects and consequences on the cost of the clothing.

2. Fabric market research

      Information is valuable in the garment industry. Data collected from various sources are valuable. Take the most popular texture fabric of the Bridge East area now, which I encountered around last June. My client brought it to me as a sample. The silhouette is of a very modern princess dress with puffed sleeves. It has to be said that this customer’s vision is indeed forward-looking. Compound texture has suddenly become the most popular technique this year, and the same style can be seen everywhere in the fabric market and in the rest of the garment industry.

      It all started with CECILIE BAHNSEN’s FW21 collection. Before I knew it, it was popping up on all platforms, making it one of the biggest hits of the year. But when imitations have not yet appeared in the market, the customer will change the focus of development from fabric weaving to the direction of knitting. Once again, this is ahead of the market. This is all thanks to the designers’ experience of studying the fabric market and garment industry worldwide. Based on marketing experience in the garment industry, she created the product before the style became popular and then decisively extended the product direction before it became too popular.

      I want to emphasize that in fabric market research, we should know how to use the information obtained from the channel to carry out field conversion and combine the tonality of the clothing brand we belong to the market and garment industry. The two are complementary to each other. Rational planning should include at least three surveys: one for the same brand, one for the extended brand, one for an entirely different brand. Then finally, return to the research of the same brand to see a lot more variations.

      Market positioning in the garment industry determines the direction of research. Because there is not enough data to support the study, it is often based on the designer’s perception of the fabric market. Channels are divided into websites and field trips. For field trips, we should visit the fabric market more and explore all relevant markets with a goal, especially the luxury brands leading fashion. If possible, you can go to each fashion week to get first-hand information. Direct information published by industry leaders is not only a reliable channel, but it is also a test of personal reception.

3. Channel and transformation, production ideas and layout focus

      From a designer’s perspective in the garment industry, I will share some things about a small line based on a theme. On the premise of matching the theme style, I will carry out color matching and plan the fabrics to be utilized.

      According to the fabric’s use, it is classified as a basic class, texture class, etc. At this point, I have a general idea of the clothing style I want to make. Here is a place where I can fully play my talents, so I will not repeat them.

      Then, style the structure, and pay attention to theme, image, and basic proportions. It is worth saying that each garment style should have a detailed process description, including process requirements, size, and materials used. I also often make this kind of clothing sample when the accessories do not match.

      Planning and layout should avoid being flashy. Business planning in the garment industry should be intuitive and straightforward. The dress design should distinctly respect the details, such as effect picture, craft picture, auxiliary surface materials, and combinations. It is important to pay attention to the integral performance atmosphere and to verify if the conventional geometry layout is enough for use. This part is mainly to show ideas, according to different majors will be adjusted.

      Now to the discussion point: Must a fashion designer solely do the planning? What is the use of planning in the garment industry? The design director usually implements a collection theme, which is the foundation on which the designer builds. Design planning is the soul of the whole catalog, so it is complicated for the manufacturer to understand the market and have a big picture and forward-looking thinking. At the same time, I have the ability to control the implementation of the product. Usually, the design director completes the planning. If the fashion designer wants to continue to improve, it is essential to master these abilities. The director is responsible for telling the story frame and controlling the overall direction. Meanwhile, the costume designer develops the short story in line with the story frame tone. The trend planning I share is about fabrics, which is more general. The design planning is for individual fashion designers, so it is more professional.

❉How Deep are the Waters in the Garment Processing Industry?

     The first thing I want to talk about is the production of fabric and design styles in the garment industry. This paper is divided into three points: subdividing the key presentation direction, fabric market research, and channel and transformation with a production of ideas and layout focus.

Chinese Garment Factory

1. Subdivide the key presentation direction

       Generally, clothing design planning in the garment industry is based on the brand’s needs to plan the overall direction. In this regard, the subdivision column in the trend site has done a good job on such matters as fabric planning, color planning, design planning, and so on, providing corresponding content.

      Take fabric as an example. The focus of planning is to find ways to show clothing fabrics from the results of color analysis of the corresponding style, combination, etc. The outcome is to automatically show people what the fabric can do. This does not need to be specific to a style because the reach can be more expansive. Personally, I think the key is to control the information and have certain data support. It isn’t easy to fully show the performance of the fabric only from the plan. Usually, designers or people in the garment industry will go to the fabric markets to collect new samples. This point, I will return to later.

      As far as I know, commodity planning in the garment industry belongs to the latter stage of the process. Planning fabrics, colors, styles, and others is for the research and development stage. In the context of the garment industry, commodity planning is similar to a fashion designer planning a line, which will include the structure and proportion of a style. In the garment industry, which is the same as in any other sector, preliminary research is very critical.

2. The profit standard for garment processing factories is 15%-30%

      Therefore, when you are looking for a garment manufacturer and processing plant to place an order, your heart should be open to giving way to the garment manufacturer’s profit and bottom line. Consider the standard practice that is between 15%-30%. Of course, there will be some garment manufacturers who would say that they only take 5%. But frankly speaking, only a fool would accept that rate and small order.

3. How is the processing fee of the garment processing factory calculated?

      There is a set of standards. In the garment processing industry, each region has a set of industry standards based on the local wage level and the size of the factory.

      How much is it to cut a dress, how much is it to sew a sleeve?

      How much is it to make a bag, how much is it to sew a zipper?

      Well, there’s even an industry standard for how much it costs to iron a dress and so on.

      To ascertain the processing cost of a piece of clothing, multiply the sum of the total workers’ wages in all the working procedures by the corresponding multiplier. This multiplier is determined according to the size of the garment factory, normally between 2.3 and 2.5. The larger the garment factory, the higher the multiplier. For example, if a piece of clothing is $1, then the processing fee the garment manufacturer asks the customer for is $2.50. That extra $1.50 translates into rent, utilities, taxes, and profits for the owner. Of course, for small garment factories with only a dozen people or so, the processing fee is multiplied by 1.8 or multiplied by 2. They might be willing to accept this because of a lack of orders. As for some of the large garment factories doing boutique clothing, based on the processing fee multiplied by 3 may also not be willing to accept orders, depending on the specific situation.

      About the price, many people like to bargain with small order total price or low orders. Everyone wants to go a few rounds of bargaining with a garment manufacturer. The garment processing industry does not earn much if you tried to push down the prices of garment production. It could backfire on production and cause delays in deliveries. Sometimes bad managers might even be out to get your money. When you reduce the price, he knows clearly that the price will lead to a loss. He still wants to accept the order, so he will likely raise the price after receiving your deposit. There can be a quality guarantee for orders with a low total price if the delivery schedule is not too tight. As a garment manufacturer, I can be more cooperative with you in processing future orders, so it is better to be more generous in the price.

4. Batch problems

      Other matters affecting prices and costs for a garment manufacturer are quantity, production method, and the working style of workers.  Wages are per piece. The amount determines how much money can be made in garment production, so they are keen on doing big orders. For a new guy who just started, production is very slow. If the quantity is only several hundred pieces, only skilled workers finish. Production has to be fast, and without efficiency, they can’t get more pay. Garment manufacturers are now looking to hire workers, but it has become more and more difficult. When workers can’t make more money, they want to jump ship. So, for the garment factory boss to meet large order numbers, our solution is to set new order quantities under two hundred pieces of clothing on the standard price plus a thirty percent processing fee. In this case, at least workers will be willing to work and ensure the quality of the finished products. Therefore, if your quantity is not large and you want to keep the price unreasonably low, it is expected that no garment manufacturer or factory will collaborate with you for a long time.

5. Where are the garment manufacturers and factories located?

      In the past two or three years, garment manufacturers’ factories in China’s Yangtze and Pearl River Delta regions have been downsizing. More and more garment factories have also relocated to Anhui, Jiangxi, and other areas further inland. The next step is to spread to Henan, Hubei, and Sichuan. Choosing a garment manufacturer and factory that you are familiar with or close to a port can save costs.

      The supply chain, of course, is all about finding a good match. Let’s say you have $1 million in annual sales, and you want to work with a large garment factory with 1,000 workers would not be so wise. Because your order size is the smallest among the garment manufacturer’s customers, he will not take you seriously at all. What is a good match? To give you a formula for reference: order number ÷10 = factory number. For example, if your average order is 300 units, you should look for a small factory with 30 workers.

6. In finding a garment manufacturer and factory, give priority to the following points:

  1. Check for appropriate plate and sample production capacity.
  2. See if they provide complete one-stop processing services. Many small factories do not have patterns, packaging quality inspection, and other processes. These carry risks in the delivery speed and quality.
  3. It is best to have an on-site inspection of the sanitary conditions of the garment factory. If the sanitary conditions are satisfactory, it can imply that the garment factory has a fair degree of management competence and ability.

7. So, how do we know if we can trust the garment manufacturer and factory?

  1. The history of operations of the garment manufacturer and factory is a good indicator, particularly if it has survived for more than five years.
  2. The proportion of skilled workers is also critical. Take e-commerce orders as an example. Because the volume is small, the garment manufacturer has to keep changing to new double orders. The stability of the skilled garment factory workers is also vital for the viability of production.
  3. Who have been the customers of the garment manufacturer and factory? If it has worked with some big brands, you can be reasonably confident with the quality. Of course, if it has been, say, three years since working with a brand line and the worker turnover rate has been very high, then you should also be wary of this garment manufacturer. The original workers may be already gone.

      The waters in the garment processing industry run very deep. When looking for a garment processing facility, it is essential to understand the strength of the garment manufacturer and factory first. Rushing into a choice and deciding rashly on agreements might cause your business to drown in all the complications.

❉How to manage the orders sent out to clothing manufacturers for processing?

    The vast majority of clothing manufacturers have outgoing processing business, some outgoing processing business volume far exceeds the production volume of clothing manufacturers themselves. Some garment enterprises due to poor management of outgoing garment processing, resulting in unqualified garment product quality, causing great economic losses to enterprises.”

    The increase in the outbound processing business has put higher demands on the quality management of clothing manufacturers.

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Finding an outsourcing garment factory

1. Set up uniform standards

    According to their own clothing manufacturer orders to set up a standard, what kind of garment factory as long as they can not do their own standards must not give it orders, otherwise it will kill themselves. Many garment processing factory owners just contacted because they want to do your orders, he will blow himself out of the sky, and in the end, the more they blow their own power is the biggest problem.

2. Visit garment processing factory

    Inspection of the garment processing factory, this thing no matter how busy you must go to do, do not give the QC to do, not that you can not trust QC, but to reduce the risk. Go to visit the garment factory can not be about the time to go, to suddenly go, if you go to find that he has few workers in the factory, they will say that because there are no orders to do, many workers are on vacation. You can believe it or not, but you can take the time to go and see it again, just to be on the safe side.

3. Do not contact the middleman

    Do not contact the middlemen, many clothing manufacturers in order to send orders to catch up with the delivery date, will contact some middlemen, this is absolutely necessary to eliminate, because now the profits of the garment processing industry are getting lower and lower, many garment processing plants are not very profitable and then taken away by people in the middle of a part of the profits, garment processing plants simply no profit to speak of. Relatively speaking, in order to make money, he will also reduce costs to do when the production of clothing quality will be a mess.

4. Caution is needed when working with new garment factories

    For the new contact garment processing factory try not to send large orders to him to do.

5. Request to do prenatal samples

    All outgoing clothing orders must require them to do pre-production samples, if you do not require them at the beginning, the latter will be more and more chaotic.

6. Outgoing clothing orders must be asked to QC control the quality

    Because QC is your eyes, it is best to ask them every day about the progress of their daily work, to randomly check the garment factories they supervise at appropriate times, and to let them switch garment factories every once in a while.

7. Track the delivery date from the time the order is placed

    Track the delivery date must start from the garment processing factory to get the order, do not wait until it is about to ship to start tracking.

    Garment production process with the work is mainly to understand the clothing manufacturer’s production progress can meet the delivery date of the order, whether the product is produced according to the order, so the order taker should go deep into the clothing manufacturer’s production plant to check the quality of products and production progress, and find problems to deal with in a timely manner. Because the production process with the basic requirements of the order is to make the clothing manufacturers can be delivered immediately and according to the order agreed on quality delivery. So we have to go deep into the garment production line, check the progress, check the quality.

Basic requirements for producing outgoing garment orders

1. On-time delivery

    To make the garment production schedule and the order delivery date match, so as not to advance nor delay.

2. Delivery according to quality

    The apparel products produced need to meet the quality requirements of the order.

Flow of outgoing garment orders

1. Issuance of production notification

    After receiving the customer’s clothing order, the orderer should convert it into a production notice. The notice should specify the name, specification, quantity, packaging requirements, and the delivery date of the garment products ordered by the customer.

2. Analysis of garment production capacity

    After the production notice is issued, we have to analyze the production capacity of the outgoing clothing manufacturer. Can you deliver on time, according to quality? If not, what measures should be taken?

3. Develop a production plan for garment orders

The development and implementation of the production plan for garment orders are related to the success or failure of garment production management and delivery. Order followers should assist production managers to convert clothing orders into production orders in a timely manner.

4. Track the production progress of garment orders

(1) Production schedule control process.

(2) Production schedule control operating procedures

(3) Production schedule control focus.

A. The actual progress and the planned progress of the difference, to find the reason. Usually have the following reasons.

1. the original plan error

2. machine and equipment failure

3. Materials did not keep up.

4. The defective rate and scrap rate is too high

5. Temporary work or the impact of special orders.

6. Accumulation of delays in the previous production process

7.Employees working in a low mood, absenteeism or high turnover rate

(4) Tracking the production progress of the form.

Including production daily report, production progress variance analysis table, production progress control table, production exception handling table, production line progress tracking table.

5. Delay in delivery

    If the reason is the garment processing factory, notify the customer and obtain consent before shipping. If you do not agree, one is to negotiate, we can bear part of the cost will be shipped out. Two will have to cancel the order.

6. Change of clothing order problem

    There are changes in the customer’s order for garments that have been placed due to changes in the garment market, there are about the quantity, (either increase or decrease). There is about the packaging. (color printing, or white lamination). There are changes in the delivery date. (either earlier or later). When we receive a request from a customer to change the content of an order, we must first look at what to change. Can we accept it? If our garments have been produced almost, or have been closed, it is impossible to change.

    If it is not yet scheduled, it is not a big problem. If we have already scheduled part, we need to negotiate. For example, if the quantity is to be reduced, we have already purchased the material according to the original quantity, and the general fabric is not a big problem. However, if the raw material is customized, the customer has to bear part of the cost. For the delivery time: if the customer wants to advance, we have to make a decision according to the actual situation. If you want to postpone, the time is short, the problem is not big, but if you want to delay for a long time, then the storage fee and the loss fee need to be borne by the customer.

    In addition, it is recommended that we go to the garment processing plant workshop, to the management of each process to understand the problems encountered in the production of various types of clothing, if necessary, need to reflect on the problems and suggestions or seek advice from customers ……

    He or she should be responsible for the quality follow-up to ensure the delivery date and quality: cutting fabric, initial inspection, mid-term inspection, final inspection, delivery, clearance of accessories, etc. Clothing order operation process to solve all kinds of production problems encountered, for each clothing order problem-prone part to check from time to time. Such as cutting pieces more or less, material additions, the number of FOB orders outside the normal range of acceptance: the number of more or less, accept or not accept the number of less, the quality of the three issues how to solve how to supervise, how to solve the late delivery period, etc..

    Follow up the delivery period at the same time to let QC control the quality ……

    There are also suggestions to control the company’s staff in addition to expertise, there is to pay attention to the relationship with the outgoing factory production departments to deal with, which is a very important key.

#clothingmanufacturer #apparelsupplier #fumaoclothing #garmentfactory

❉Running a good clothing manufacturer needs to have the conditions, not others can do you can do!

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1 There are sufficient quality sources of goods

    Take a small clothing manufacturer with about 30 workers as an example. For example, in a clothing manufacturer, a factory manager + two cutting masters + a large ironworker and a small ironworker + two inspection workers + a packaging worker + a chef and a cleaning worker. These workers are indispensable, the wages of these workers are fixed, in the eastern part of China, at least 6000 U.S. dollars a month is necessary, plus rent, utilities, etc.

    If your source is good enough, even if at least when there are 10 workers doing (I used to wonder why even if the smallest clothing manufacturer and then difficult to do the order there are always a few workers doing? Now understand, because that 65% of the workers master. (Once again, salute to them!) ), can also guarantee to earn the above-mentioned money will not lose, then congratulations, you can consider opening a clothing manufacturer. Because the situation will not be worse than this. Of course, please note that large garment factories do not come to mix, as well as look forward to the second half of a burst to make up for the first half of the loss do not come to mix, because the second half of the year is also an unknown, the second half of how much to earn until the New Year to know. I am conservative, standing in order for you not to lose money a year on the stand, to give you the advice will certainly make money.

2 Workers who are "sworn to follow"

    Also, give an example, even if you do not have a month of orders, these workers will follow you, will not resign, and so you have ordered, do not ask how much pay desperately do, help you make back the loss. This does not have to be loyal, can also be other, such as a clothing manufacturer boss, a year to workers 10000 U.S. dollars, regardless of how much to do less, not more than a penny not less. So that a year down, as long as the order is not incredibly poor, but also will never lose money.

3 Advice for front-line workers

    And let’s talk about the front-line workers engaged in the clothing manufacturer. Under the monthly salary system, do or do not do, serious or not serious, the money earned is not much different. And the piecework system, a day does not work, a day no income.

    So I can understand why the workers are so unstable. As I said before, workers are afraid that this factory is not good for this batch of garments, the next batch of orders are not good, and they are afraid that they can’t make money today and even less tomorrow, so it is reflected that they are picky about the factory and the orders, and they don’t want to do that order.

    Because they understand that they can earn money, desperate to earn more, who can not guarantee that tomorrow and the day after tomorrow is a kind of. And I also appreciate why workers will ask the factory before joining the clothing manufacturer is simply OEM it or self-production, they also want to find a relatively stable clothing manufacturer, can be stable to make money.

4 Advice for garment factory workers

    Advice to workers, to be honest, because of the good and bad clothing manufacturers, really can not give exact advice. The most feasible thing is for each worker to ask himself what his psychological salary is before he joins the clothing manufacturer. Let’s also give an example. For example, I am a senior garment worker, skilled, fast, then the first half of my psychological wage is an average of 40 U.S. dollars a day, the second half of my psychological wage is an average of 45 U.S. dollars a day, to determine the psychological wage, I began to look for a clothing manufacturer, check the style, consult the wage, if which garment factory basically in at least 10 days, preferably within half a month can reach or close to my psychological wage Then I can join this clothing manufacturer.

     Why are ten days and a half months? People who have done the garment workers understand that a clothing style needs a day or two to familiarize themselves with the processing process, if a week to change the style, the trouble is not? But really can do a month so long at once the style is also relatively small, and half a month after the clothing style is done, the clothing manufacturer boss will have to consider the next style, the next style is good or not, to continue to do can also be decided. So this time limit seems more reasonable and reliable.

    Another piece of advice, for example, in a garment factory to do 2, 3 months, suddenly encountered a clothing style is more difficult to earn money is not particularly ideal, should we change a clothing manufacturer? I think this should be more cautious. Because a factory, even if it is self-produced, it is not possible for every style to do well, every style is simple, and again for so long, occasionally a style is not good to do, you can stick with the style to finish, if the latter is also bad, consider changing a factory is not too late. Generally speaking, such factories, if not suffered a particularly serious misfortune, that the boss still has a way to find a good way to do clothing orders, after all, 2, 3 months is not short.

    If you are not very sure, you can also ask others, if a number of people do half a year or even longer, you can consider doing it for a long time. The premise is that, on average, each month’s salary will not be too much less than they expected.

❉Foreign trade export operation process: quotation, order, payment method, customs clearance, shipment, insurance, bill of lading, settlement

foreign trade export operation process 0

    The process of exporting goods mainly includes the quotation, order, payment method, preparation, packaging, customs clearance procedures, loading, transportation insurance, bill of lading, and settlement of foreign exchange.

1 Quotation

    In the process of international trade, the first step is product inquiry and quotation. Among them, the quotation for export products mainly includes the quality level of the products, the specifications of the products, whether the products have special packaging requirements, the amount of the purchased products, the requirements of the delivery period, the mode of transportation of the products, the materials of the products and other content. The more commonly used quotations are FOB on board, CNF cost plus freight, CIF cost, insurance plus freight, and other forms.

2 Order

    After the two sides of the trade have reached an intention on the offer, the buyer enterprise formally orders and negotiates with the seller enterprise on some related matters, and after the two sides have negotiated and approved, they need to sign the “Purchase Contract”. In the process of signing the “Purchase Contract”, the main contents of the commodity name, specifications, quantity, price, packaging, origin, shipment period, payment terms, settlement, claims, arbitration, etc. are negotiated, and the agreement reached after the negotiation is written into the “Purchase Contract”. This marks the official start of the export business. Usually, the purchase contract is signed in duplicate by both parties with the official seal of the company to take effect, and each party keeps one copy.

3 Payment Method

    There are three more commonly used international payment methods, namely letter of credit payment method, TT payment method and direct payment method.

(1). Letter of credit payment method
    Letters of credit are divided into two types, namely, bare-bill letters of credit and documentary letters of credit. Documentary letter of credit is a letter of credit with specified documents, while a letter of credit without any documents is called a bare-bill letter of credit. Simply put, a letter of credit is a document of guarantee that the exporter will receive payment for the goods. Please note that the shipment of exported goods should be made within the validity period of the L/C and the L/C delivery deadline must be submitted no later than the validity date of the L/C. The letter of credit is the predominant payment method in international trade, and the opening date of the letter of credit should be clear, unambiguous and complete.
(2). TT payment method
    TT payment method is settled by cash in foreign exchange, your customer will remit the money to the foreign exchange bank account designated by your company, you can request the remittance within a certain period after the arrival of the goods.
(3).Direct payment method
    It is the direct delivery payment between buyer and seller.

4 Preparation of goods

     Preparation of goods plays a pivotal and important role in the entire trade process, and must be implemented one by one in accordance with the contract. The main checks of the stock preparation are as follows.
(1). The quality and specification of goods should be verified according to the requirements of the contract.
(2). Quantity of goods: ensure to meet the requirements of the contract or L/C on the quantity.
(3). Preparation time: should be arranged according to the L/C and combined with the ship schedule in order to facilitate the connection of ship and goods.

5 Packaging

 You can choose the packaging form according to the different goods (such as: carton, wooden box, woven bag, etc.). Different forms of packaging and their packaging requirements are different.
(1). General export packaging standards: according to the general standards of trade exports for packaging.
(2). Special export packaging standards: according to the special requirements of customers for the export of goods packaging.
(3). Packaging and marking of goods (shipping mark): should be carefully checked and verified to make it conform to the provisions of the letter of credit.

6 Customs clearance procedures

    Customs clearance procedures are extremely tedious and extremely important, such as the smooth customs clearance will not be able to complete the transaction.

(1). Is a statutory inspection of export commodities must do export commodity inspection certificate. At present, China’s import and export commodity inspection work has four main links.

    Acceptance of inspection: inspection refers to foreign trade relations to the commodity inspection agency to request inspection.

    Sampling: Commodity inspection agencies to accept the inspection, and promptly send staff to the goods storage site for on-site inspection, identification.

    Inspection: commodity inspection agency to accept the inspection, carefully study the declared test items, to determine the content of the test. And carefully review the contract (letter of credit) on the quality, specifications, packaging provisions, to clarify the basis for testing, to determine the test standards, methods. (Test methods are sampling, instrument analysis test; physical test; sensory test; microbiological test, etc.)

    Issuance of certificates: In the export side, where included in 〖type table〗 within the export commodities, by the commodity inspection agency after passing the inspection, the issuance of release orders (or in the export of goods on the customs declaration stamped with the release chapter, in lieu of release orders).

(2). shall be professionally held by the customs declaration certificate personnel, with the box list, invoices, customs declaration power of attorney, export clearance checklist, a copy of the export goods contract, export commodity inspection certificate and other texts to customs clearance procedures.

    Box list: the packing details of export products provided by the exporter.

    Invoice: Proof of exported products provided by the exporter.

    Customs Declaration Power of Attorney (electronic): The certificate of the unit or individual who does not have the ability to declare customs entrusted to the customs broker to declare customs.

    Export verification form: by the export unit to the Foreign Exchange Bureau to apply for, refers to the ability to export units to obtain an export tax rebate of a document.

    Commodity inspection certificate: after the entry-exit inspection and quarantine department or its designated inspection agency inspection and qualified, is a variety of import and export commodity inspection certificate, identification certificate and other certificates collectively. Is the foreign trade parties concerned to fulfill contractual obligations, the handling of claims, disputes and arbitration, litigation evidence, with legal basis for effective documents, but also the customs clearance, the collection of tariffs and preferential tariff reductions necessary to prove.

7 Shipment

    In the process of loading the cargo, you can decide the loading method according to the amount of cargo and insure it according to the type of insurance set by the Purchase Contract. You can choose.
(1)、Full loading container
Types of containers (also called cargo containers).    
    (1) according to the size of the specification:
    At present, the usual international use of dry cargo containers (DRYCONTAINER) are.
    External dimensions of 20 feet X 8 feet X 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 20 feet container.
    40 feet X 8 feet X 8 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet container; and more often used in recent years, 40 feet X 8 feet X 9 feet 6 inches, referred to as 40 feet high container.
    20 feet container: the inner volume is 5.69mX2.13mX2.18m, the gross weight is 17.5 tons, the volume is 24-26 cubic meters. 40 feet container: the inner volume is 11.8mX2.13mX2.18m, the gross weight of cargo is 22 tons, the volume is 54 cubic meters.
    40 feet high container: the inner volume is 11.8 meters X 2.13 meters X 2.72 meters. The gross weight of cargo is 22 tons and the volume is 68 cubic meters.
    45 feet high container: the inner volume is 13.58mX2.34mX2.71m, the gross weight is 29 tons and the volume is 86 cubic meters.
    20ft open top container: inner volume is 5.89mX2.32mX2.31m, gross weight of cargo is 20 tons, volume is 31.5 cubic meters.
    40 feet open top container: inner volume is 12.01mX2.33mX2.15m, gross weight is 30.4 tons, volume is 65 cubic meters.
    20 feet flat bottom container: inner volume 5.85mX2.23mX2.15m, gross weight 23 tons, volume 28 cubic meters.
    40 feet flat bottom container: inner volume 12.05 meters X2.12 meters X 1.96 meters, gross weight 36 tons, volume 50 cubic meters.  
    (2) According to the box material: aluminum alloy container, steel plate container, fiberboard container, glass fiber reinforced plastic container.
    (3) according to the use of points: there are dry container; freezing container (REEFER CONTAINER); hanging container (DRESS HANGER CONTAINER); open top container (OPENTOP CONTAINER); frame container (FLAT RACK CONTAINER); tank container (TANK CONTAINER).
(2)、Packaged container   
    The assembled container, generally according to the volume of export goods cargo weight calculation freight.


8 Shipping Insurance

    Usually both parties have agreed on matters related to transportation insurance in advance in the signing of the Purchase Contract. Common insurance policies include marine cargo insurance, land and air mail cargo insurance, etc. Among them, the risks covered by the terms of marine cargo insurance are divided into two categories: basic risks and additional risks.   
    (1) The basic insurance policies are Safe (Free from Paricular Average – F.P.A.), Water Damage (With Average or With Particular Average – W.A. or W.P.A.) and All Risk (All Risk – A.R.). The scope of liability of all risks insurance includes: total loss of goods due to natural disasters at sea; total loss of goods during loading, unloading and transferring; sacrifice, sharing and salvage expenses due to common marine loss; total and partial loss of goods due to reefing, grounding, sinking, collision, flooding and explosion of transporting vessels. Water damage insurance is one of the basic insurance of marine transportation insurance. According to the insurance terms of PICC, its liability scope not only bears the risks listed in the peace of mind insurance, but also bears the risks of natural disasters such as bad weather, lightning, tsunami and flood. The scope of liability of all risks is equivalent to the sum of water damage insurance and general additional insurance.   
    (2) Additional Risks. There are two types of additional risks: general additional risks and special additional risks. The general additional insurance has theft of the goods can not be insured, fresh water rain insurance, theft of short amount of insurance, leakage insurance, broken and broken insurance, hook damage insurance, mixed staining insurance, packaging breakage insurance, mold insurance, moisture and heat insurance, string smell insurance. Special additional insurance includes war insurance, strike insurance, etc.

9 Bill of Lading

    Bill of lading is the exporter to complete export customs clearance procedures, customs clearance, signed by the company, for the importer to pick up the goods, the bill of exchange used.  
    The signed bill of lading is issued according to the number of copies required by the letter of credit, generally three copies. The exporter retains two copies for tax refunds and other business, and one copy is sent to the importer to handle procedures such as pickup   
    When shipping goods by sea, the importer must hold the original bill of lading, packing list, invoice to pick up the goods. (The exporter must send the original bill of lading, packing list, invoice to the importer.)    
    If the air cargo, you can directly use the bill of lading, packing list, invoice of the fax to extract the goods.

10 Foreign exchange settlement

    After the export goods are loaded out, the import and export company should be in accordance with the provisions of the letter of credit, the correct repair (box list, invoice, bill of lading, export certificate of origin, export clearance) and other documents. Within the validity period of the L/C, submit to the bank for negotiation and settlement.   

    In addition to the use of letters of credit settlement, other payment remittance methods are generally wire transfer (TELEGRAPHIC TRANSFER (T/T)), ticket remittance (DEMAND DRAFT (D/D)), letter remittance (MAIL TRANDFER (M/T)) and other methods, due to the rapid development of electronic, now remittances mainly use wire transfer method.

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